λόγος (logos) – the use of reasoning, either inductive or deductive, to construct an argument.
“CRITICAL THINKING is a desire to seek, patience to doubt, fondness to meditate, slowness to assert, readiness to consider, carefulness to dispose and set in order; and hatred for every kind of imposture.” – Francis Bacon (1605)
Critical Thinking requires an understanding of logic. Essentially, logic is the study of reasoning or argumentation. We all use reason all the time to draw inferences that are useful to us. Training ourselves to construct good arguments and to spot bad ones is a skill that is useful in just about every field as well as in everyday life. It helps steer us toward truth and away from falsehood. Dubious techniques of persuasion, such as “criticizing” a candidate’s views by showing an unflattering image of them, are used especially in election campaigns. They are no doubt sometimes effective, but that is no reason for preferring them to good clear argumentation. On the contrary, it’s why we need logical thinking more than ever.