WARREN-LITTLE LINE

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Richard Warren was one of the Mayflower Compact signatories.

(1) 1 Richard Warren1,2,2, 8G Grandfather

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  • Birth:                      abt 15782,1,2
  • Birth Place:              perhaps London, England
  • Death:                     1628, age: 503,1
  • Death Place:             Plymouth Township, Massachusetts
  • Burial:                     16283,1
  • Burial Place:             Plymouth Township, Massachusetts

Brief Bio: Richard Warren was a passenger on the Mayflower, arriving in Plymouth in 1620. We know he was from London and the evidence seems to indicate that he was a man of some wealth.

His wife, Elizabeth, arrived in Plymouth on the Anne in 1623 with the couples’ daughters Abigail, Anna, Elizabeth, Mary and Sarah. Two sons, Nathaniel and Joseph, were born to the Warrens in Plymouth.

Richard Warren died in 1628. His wife Elizabeth outlived him by 45 years, dying at Plymouth in 1673. Her death was noted in the Records of Plymouth Colony (PCR 8:35) : “Mistris Elizabeth Warren, an aged widdow, aged above 90 yeares, deceased on the second of October, 1673, whoe, haveing lived a godly life, came to her grave as a shocke of corn fully ripe.”

During the long period of her widowhood, Elizabeth Warren’s name appears in the records of Plymouth Colony. She appears first as executor of her husband’s estate, next paying taxes owed by a head of household, and finally as an independent agent in her own right.

An article by Edward J. Davies in the April 2003 issue of The American Genealogist gives evidence that Elizabeth Warren may have been the daughter of Augustine Walker.   An Elizabeth Walker, daughter of Augustine Walker, married a Richard Warren in Great Amwell, Hertfordshire, on April 14, 1610.  The will of Augustine Walker, dated April 19, 1613, refers not only to his daughter Elizabeth Warren but also her 3 daughters : Mary, Ann and Sarah.  These three Warren daughters correspond to three of the Warren daughters who were passengers on the Anne in 1623.

General Notes

A 1620 Mayflower passenger, Richard Warren is unusual because, although Bradford in his “Decreasing and Increasing” gives him the honorific title “Mr.”, he does not mention him at all in the text of his history, and very little is known about him except for a few brief mentions elsewhere.  In Mourt’s Relation, p 15, Winslow lists ten men on an early expedition at Cape Cod, three of whom, including Richard Warren, were from London.

Judging from land transactions of his widow, Elizabeth, who came over in 1623 on the Anne with daughters Abigail, Anna, Elizabeth, Mary and Sarah, the family appears to have been one of the wealthier ones at Plymouth.  However, he was not one of the eight selected Undertakers in 1627.  Nathaniel Morton wrote for the year 1628,  “This Year died Mr. Richard Warren, who… was an useful Instrument and during his life bare a deep share in the Difficulties and Troubles of the first Settlement of the Plantation of New-Plimouth”  (Memoriall, p.68).   His widow, Elizabeth Warren, was given the unique distinction of having a law passed unanimously by the whole court to giver her the Purchaser status her deceased husband had had,  “hee dying before he had performed the bargaine, the said Elizabeth performed the same after his decease, and also for the establishing of the lotts of lands given formerly by her unto her sonnes in law, Richard Church, Robert Bartlett, and Thomas Little”.

The three sons-in-law had married respectively daughters Elizabeth, Mary, and Anna, and the other two daughter were married later, Sarah to Mayflower passenger John Cooke, and Abigail to Anthony Snow.  Richard and Elizabeth Warren had two sons born at Plymouth, Nathaniel, who married Sarah Walker, and Joseph, who married Priscilla Faunce- see the second revision (1986) of the Families of the Pilgrims booklet on Warren.  Widow Elizabeth Warren’s servant, Thomas Williams, was charged with speaking profane and blasphemous speeches to her, but the court released him with a warning after he made a humble acknowledgment of his offence.  She died at Plymouth 2 October 1673, aged above ninety years, “having lived a godly life, came to her grave as a shoke of corn fully ripe”.

The English orign of the Warrens, though much searched for, has not yet been found, but she was definitely not Elisabeth Jowett, as some have claimed.  Athough Warren’s grand daughter Elizabeth Warren had a child by Joseph Doty, she did not, as has been written, marry him.

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From: Mayflower Families through Five Generation: Richard Warren (Volume 18 Part 1) 4

Governor Bradford wrote “Mr. Richard Warren lived some four of five years and had his wife come over to him, by whom he had two sons before (he ) died, and one of them is married and hath two children.  So his increase is four.  But he had five daughters more come over with his wife, who are all married and living, and have many children.”  The wife and 5 daughters came to Plymouth on the “Anne” in 1623.

In “Mourt’s Relation” under date of “sixt of December” it is stated “and three of london, Richard Warren, Steeven Hopkins and Edward Dotte…”  This statement that he was from London is all we know about the origin of Richard Warren despite considerable research to learn more.

The 22 May 1627 Division of Cattle names Richard Warren, wife Elizabeth Warren, Nathaniell Warren, Joseph Warren, Mary Warren, Anna Warren, Sara Warren, Elizabeth Warren and Abigail Warren.

In a deed dated 28 Sept. 1629 the land which Thomas Clarke sold to William Bradford was bounded on one side by the land of “widow Warren.”.

At the 7 March 1636/7 court it was agreed that Elizabeth Warren, widow, the relict of Mr. Richard Warren, deceased, was to be a “Purchaser” as she had performed the bargain after he husband’s decease, and also for confirming the land formerly given by her to her son-in-law Richard Church, Robert Bartlett and Thomas Little in marriage with their wives, her daughters.

In a codicil to his will dated 16 July 1667 Nathaniel Warren mentions his mother Elizabeth Warreen, his brother Joseph Warren and his sisters Mary Bartlett Sr., Anna Little, Sarah Cooke, Elizabeth Church,  and Abigail Snow.

On 4 March 1673/74 Mary Bartlett, the wife of Robert Bartlett, acknowledged she had received full satisfaction for her share of the estate of Mistris Elizabeth Warren, deceased; and John Cooke, in behalf of all here sisters testified to the same.  The court settled the remainder of the estate on Joseph Warren.4

Excerpt taken from:

Plymouth Colony: Its History & People 1620-1691 by Eugene Aubrey Stratton, Former Historian General General Society of Mayflower Descendants ISBN 0-916489-18-3

  • RICHARD WARREN5
  • ORIGIN:  London
  • MIGRATION:  1620 on Mayflower
  • FIRST RESIDENCE:  Plymouth

ESTATE:  In the 1623 Plymouth division of land Richard Warren received an uncertain number of acres (perhaps two) as a passenger on the Mayflower, and five acres as a passenger on the Anne (presumably for his wife and children) [PCR 12:4-6].  In the 1627 Plymouth division of cattle Richard Warren, his wife Elizabeth Warren, Nathaniel Warren, Joseph Warren, Mary Warren, Anna Warren, Sarah Warren, Elizabeth Warren and Abigail Warren were the first nine persons in the ninth company [PCR 12:12].  He was one of the purchasers [PCR 2:177].

In the 25 March 1633 Plymouth tax list Widow Warren was assessed 12s., and in the list of 27 March 1634, 9s. [PCR 1:10, 27].

On 1 July 1633 “Mrs. Warren and Robt. Bartlet” were allowed to mow where they did the previous year, and again 14 March 1635/6 [PCR 1:15, 41].

On 28 October 1633, a grant of Richard Warren’s land on which he was required to erect a dwelling, returned to the court “for want of building” and it was regranted to Mr. Ralph Fogg, provided he pay Widow Warren sufficiently for her fence remaining there [PCR 1:18].

On 7 March 1636/7 “it is agreed upon, by the consent of the whole Court, that Elizabeth Warren, widow, the relict of Mr. Richard Warren, deceased, shall be entered, and stand, and be purchaser instead of her said husband, as well because that (he dying before he had performed the said bargain) the said Elizabeth performed the same after his decease, as also for the establishing of the lots of lands given formerly by her unto her sons-in-law Richard Church, Robert Bartlett and Thomas Little, in marriage with their wives, her daughters” [PCR 1:54, 2:177].

On 5 May 1640 “Richard Church, Rob[er]te Bartlett, Thomas Little, & Mrs. Elizabeth Warren are granted enlargements at the heads of their lots to the foot of the Pyne Hills, leaving a way betwixt them and the Pyne Hills, for cattle and carts to pass” [PCR 1:152].

On 11 June 1653, as the result of a disagreement between Mrs. Elizabeth Warren and her son, Nathaniel, and a petition offered in court by Mrs. Jane Collier on behalf of her grandchild, Sarah, wife of Nathaniel Warren, the court chose four indifferent men to settle the matter of access to lands [MD 2:64, citing PCLR 2:73].

On 4 March 1673/4 Mary Bartlett, wife of Robert Bartlett, came into this court and owned “that she hath received full satisfaction for whatsoever she might claim as due from the estate of Mistris Elizabeth Warren, deceased, and John Cooke, in the behalf of all her sisters, testified the same before the court; and the court doth hereby settle the remainder of the said estate on Joseph Warren” [PCR 5:139-40].

BIRTH:  By about 1578 based on estimated date of marriage.

DEATH:  Plymouth 1628.  (“This year died Mr. Richard Warren, who hath been mentioned before in this book, and was an useful instrument; and during his life bore a deep share in the difficulties and troubles of the first settlement of the plantation of New-Plymouth” [Morton 85].

MARRIAGE:  By about 1609 Elizabeth _____; she died at Plymouth on 2 October 1673, aged about 90 (probably an exaggeration) [PCR 8:35].  (Elizabeth’s maiden name has been given as “March” in many sources, without documentation).

CHILDREN:

i) MARY, b. say 1609; m. say 1629 ROBERT BARTLETT (date based on estimated age of children at their marriages).

ii) ANN, b. say 1613; m. Plymouth 19 April 1633 THOMAS LITTLE [PCR 1:13].

iii) SARAH, b. say 1614; m. Plymouth 28 March 1634 John Cooke Junior [PCR 1:29], son of FRANCIS COOKE.

iv) ELIZABETH, b. say 1615; m. by 1635/6 RICHARD CHURCH (he shared mowing land with Mrs. Warren 14 March 1635/6 [PCR 1:41]).

v) ABIGAIL, b. say 1619; m. Plymouth 8 (or 9) November 1639 Anthony Snow [PCR 1:134].

vi) NATHANIEL, b. Plymouth say 1624 (Bradford says he was born here, and his mother was a passenger on the Anne in 1623); m. Plymouth 19 November 1645 Sarah Walker [PCR 2:94].  (See WILLIAM COLLIER for discussion of her possible ancestry.)

vii) JOSEPH, b. Plymouth by 1627; m. about 1653 Priscilla Faunce, daughter of JOHN FAUNCE (eldest child b. Plymouth 23 September 1653 [PCR 8:33]).

COMMENTS:  In his accounting of the passengers on the Mayflower Bradford included “Mr. Richard Warren, but his wife and children were left behind and came afterwards” [Bradford 442].  As of 1651, Bradford reported that “Mr. Richard Warren lived some four or five years and had his wife come over to him, by whom he had two sons before [he] died, and one of them is married and hath two children.  So his increase is four.  But he had five daughters more came over with his wife, who are all married and living, and have many children [Bradford 445-46].

Banks argued that Bradford’s language in the sentence above meant that Richard Warren had two wives, with the first of whom he had five daughters and with the second of whom, Elizabeth, he had two sons [English Homes 92-93], and deForest agreed with him [Moore Anc 562].

Many attempts, all fruitless, have been made to discover the English origin of Richard Warren and the identity of his wife [MQ 51:109-12].

Richard Warren was in the party that explored the outer cape in early December 1620; he was described as being of London [Mourt 32].

On 5 July 1635, Thomas Williams, servant of widow Warren, confessed  that “there being some dissention between him and his dame, she, after other things, exhorted him to fear God & do his duty, he answered, he neither feared God, nor the devil” [PCR 1:35].  He was reproved and released [PCR 1:35].

On 5 January 1635/6 widow Warren paid 30s. to Thomas Clarke for borrowing his boat, and although returning it to a place of usual safety, an extraordinary storm wrecked it [PCR 1:36].  On 3 June 1639 “Mr. Andrew Hellot” was ordered to pay Mrs. Warren 10s. to settle an account between them [PCR 7:12].

BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE:  In 1938 L. Effingham deForest published a thorough study of Richard Warren [Moore Anc 561-70].  Robert S. Wakefield, Janice A. Beebe and others have prepared the Richard Warren volume in the General Society of Mayflower Descendants’ series of “pink books,” the fifth edition of which was published in 1995 [MFIP Warren].

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Research: “Warren, Richard:  Came on “Mayflower” 1620, Plymouth. d March 1628.  Signer of Mayflower Compact.  Wife came on “Anne” 1623.  Register 55:70 (desc); de Forest, Moore and allied families; Richard Warrren and descendants 1901.”6

from “Founders of Earl American Families:  Emigrants from Europe 1607-1657 (Revised Edition) by Meredith B. Colket, Jr. A.B. (cum laude), A.M., Litt. D.,  published by the General Court of the Order of Founders and Partiots of America, Cleveland, Ohio 19857

Misc. Notes: General Notes

A 1620 Mayflower passenger, Richard Warren is unusual because, although Bradford in his “Decreasing and Increasing” gives him the honorific title “Mr.”, he does not mention him at all in the text of his history, and very little is known about him except for a few brief mentions elsewhere.  In Mourt’s Relation, p 15, Winslow lists ten men on an early expedition at Cape Cod, three of whom, including Richard Warren, were from London.

Judging from land transactions of his widow, Elizabeth, who came over in 1623 on the Anne with daughters Abigail, Anna, Elizabeth, Mary and Sarah, the family appears to have been one of the wealthier ones at Plymouth.  However, he was not one of the eight selected Undertakers in 1627.  Nathaniel Morton wrote for the year 1628,  “This Year died Mr. Richard Warren, who… was an useful Instrument and during his life bare a deep share in the Difficulties and Troubles of the first Settlement of the Plantation of New-Plimouth”  (Memoriall, p.68).   His widow, Elizabeth Warren, was given the unique distinction of having a law passed unanimously by the whole court to giver her the Purchaser status her deceased husband had had,  “hee dying before he had performed the bargaine, the said Elizabeth performed the same after his decease, and also for the establishing of the lotts of lands given formerly by her unto her sonnes in law, Richard Church, Robert Bartlett, and Thomas Little”.

The three sons-in-law had married respectively daughters Elizabeth, Mary, and Anna, and the other two daughter were married later, Sarah to Mayflower passenger John Cooke, and Abigail to Anthony Snow.  Richard and Elizabeth Warren had two sons born at Plymouth, Nathaniel, who married Sarah Walker, and Joseph, who married Priscilla Faunce- see the second revision (1986) of the Families of the Pilgrims booklet on Warren.  Widow Elizabeth Warren’s servant, Thomas Williams, was charged with speaking profane and blasphemous speeches to her, but the court released him with a warning after he made a humble acknowledgment of his offence.  She died at Plymouth 2 October 1673, aged above ninety years, “having lived a godly life, came to her grave as a shoke of corn fully ripe”.

The English orign of the Warrens, though much searched for, has not yet been found, but she was definitely not Elisabeth Jowett, as some have claimed.  Athough Warren’s grand daughter Elizabeth Warren had a child by Joseph Doty, she did not, as has been written, marry him.

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From: Mayflower Families through Five Generation: Richard Warren (Volume 18 Part 1)

Governor Bradford wrote “Mr. Richard Warren lived some four of five years and had his wife come over to him, by whom he had two sons before (he ) died, and one of them is married and hath two children.  So his increase is four.  But he had five daughters more come over with his wife, who are all married and living, and have many children.”  The wife and 5 daughters came to Plymouth on the “Anne” in 1623.

In “Mourt’s Relation” under date of “sixt of December” it is stated “and three of london, Richard Warren, Steeven Hopkins and Edward Dotte…”  This statement that he was from London is all we know about the origin of Richard Warren despite considerable research to learn more.

The 22 May 1627 Division of Cattle names Richard Warren, wife Elizabeth Warren, Nathaniell Warren, Joseph Warren, Mary Warren, Anna Warren, Sara Warren, Elizabeth Warren and Abigail Warren.

In a deed dated 28 Sept. 1629 the land which Thomas Clarke sold to William Bradford was bounded on one side by the land of “widow Warren.”.

At the 7 March 1636/7 court it was agreed that Elizabeth Warren, widow, the relict of Mr. Richard Warren, deceased, was to be a “Purchaser” as she had performed the bargain after he husband’s decease, and also for confirming the land formerly given by her to her son-in-law Richard Church, Robert Bartlett and Thomas Little in marriage with their wives, her daughters.

In a codicil to his will dated 16 July 1667 Nathaniel Warren mentions his mother Elizabeth Warreen, his brother Joseph Warren and his sisters Mary Bartlett Sr., Anna Little, Sarah Cooke, Elizabeth Church,  and Abigail Snow.

On 4 March 1673/74 Mary Bartlett, the wife of Robert Bartlett, acknowledged she had received full satisfaction for her share of the estate of Mistris Elizabeth Warren, deceased; and John Cooke, in behalf of all here sisters testified to the same.  The court settled the remainder of the estate on Joseph Warren.

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Richard & Elizabeth Warren in the records of the 17th century

Richard Warren : Mayflower passenger

“The names of those which came over first, in the year 1620, and were by the blessing of God the first beginners and in a sort the foundation of all the Plantations and Colonies in New England ; and their families …

“Mr. Richard Warren, but his wife and children were left behind and came afterwards.”

William Bradford, Of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647, ed.

Samuel Eliot Morison (New York : Knopf, 1991), p. 441-3.

It is possible that Elizabeth Warren and her daughters were also part of the original group that meant to travel to America.  William Bradford notes that, when the Speedwell was determined to be unseaworthy,

“…it was resolved to dismiss her [the Speedwell] and part of the company, and proceed with the other ship [the Mayflower].  The which (though it was grievous and caused great discouragement) was put into execution.  So after they had took out such provision as the other ship could well stow, and concluded both what number and what persons to send back, they made another sad parting; the one ship [the Speedwell] going back for London and the other [the Mayflower] was to proceed on her voyage.  Those that went back were for the most part such as were willing so to do, either out of some discontent or fear they conceived of the ill success of the voyage, seeing so many crosses befall, and the year time so far spent.  But others, in regard of their own weakness and charge of many young children were thought least useful and most unfit to bear the brunt of this hard adventure; unto which work of God, and judgment of their brethren, they were contented to submit.”

William Bradford, Of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647, ed.

Samuel Eliot Morison (New York : Knopf, 1991), p. 53.

Richard Warren : Signer of the Mayflower Compact

“I shall … begin with a combination made by them before they came ashore; being the first foundation of their government in this place. Occasioned partly by the discontented and mutinous speeches that some of the strangers amongst them had let fall from them in the ship: That when they came ashore they would use their own liberty, for none had power to command them, the patent they had being for Virginia and not for New England … And partly that such an act by them done, this their condition considered, might be as firm as any patent, and in some respects more sure.

“The form was as followeth : IN THE NAME OF GOD, AMEN. We whose names are underwritten, the loyal subjects of our dread Sovereign Lord King James, by the Grace of God of Great Britain, France and Ireland King, Defender of the Faith, etc. Having undertaken, for the Glory of God and advancement of the Christian Faith and Honour of our King and Country, a Voyage to plant the First Colony in the Northern parts of Virginia, do by these presents solemnly and mutually in the presence of God and one of another, Covenant and Combine ourselves together into a Civil Body Politic, for our better ordering and preservation and furtherance of the ends aforesaid; and by virtue hereof to enact, constitute and frame such just and equal Laws, Ordinances, Acts, Constitutions and Offices, from time to time, as shall be thought most meet and convenient for the general good of the Colony, unto which we promise all due submission and obedience. In witness whereof we have hereunder subscribed our names at Cape Cod, the 11th of November, in the year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord King James, of England, France and Ireland the eighteenth, and of Scotland the fifty-fourth. Anno Domini 1620.”

William Bradford, Of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647, ed.

Samuel Eliot Morison (New York : Knopf, 1991), p. 75-76.

Richard Warren and the “First Encounter”

This story appears both in Mourt’s Relation, published in London in 1622, and (in a condensed version) in William Bradford’s Of Plymouth Plantation.

“Wednesday, the sixth of December [1620]. It was resolved our discoverers should set forth … So ten of our men were appointed who were of themselves willing to undertake it, to wit, Captain Standish, Master Carver, William Bradford, Edward Winslow, John Tilley, Edward Tilley, John Howland, and three of London, Richard Warren, Stephen Hopkins, and Edward Doten, and two of our seamen, John Alderton, and Thomas English. Of the ship’s company there went two of the master’s mates, Master Clarke and Master Coppin, the master gunner, and three sailors …

Mourt’s Relation, ed. Jordan D. Fiore (Plymouth, Mass. :

Plymouth Rock Foundation, 1985), p. 27-28.

” … the 6th of December [1620] they sent out their shallop again with ten of their principal men and some seamen, upon further discovery, intending to circulate that deep bay of Cape Cod. The weather was very cold and it froze so hard as the spray of the sea lighting on their coats, they were as if they had been glazed. Yet that night betimes they got down into the bottom of the bay, and as they drew near the shore they saw some ten or twelve Indians very busy about something. They landed about a league or two from them … they made themselves a barricado with logs and boughs as well as they could in the time, and set out their sentinel and betook them to rest, and saw the smoke of the fire the savages made that night. When morning was come they divided their company, some to coast along the shore in the boat, and the rest marched through the woods to see the land, if any fit place might be for their dwelling. They came also to the place where they saw the Indians the night before, and found they had been cutting up a great fish like a grampus …

“So they ranged up and down all that day, but found no people, nor any place they liked. When the sun grew low, they hasted out of the woods to meet with their shallop … of which they were very glad, for they had not seen each other all that day since the morning. So they made them a barricado as usually they did every night, with logs, stakes and thick pine boughs, the height of a man, leaving it open to leeward, partly to shelter them from the cold and wind (making their fire in the middle and lying round about it) and partly to defend them from any sudden assaults of the savages, if they should surround them; so being very weary, they betook them to rest. But about midnight they heard a hideous and great cry, and their sentinel called “Arm! arm!” So they bestirred them and stood to their arms and shot off a couple of muskets, and then the noise ceased. They concluded it was a company of wolves or such like wild beasts, for one of the seamen told them he had often heard such noise in Newfoundland.

“So they rested till about five of the clock in the morning; for the tide, and their purpose to go from thence, made them be stirring betimes. So after prayer they prepared for breakfast, and it being day dawning it was thought best to be carrying things down to the boat …

“But presently, all on the sudden, they heard a great and strange cry, which they knew to be the same voices they heard in the night, though they varied their notes; and one of their company being abroad came running in and cried, “Men, Indians! Indians!” And withal, their arrows came flying amongst them. Their men ran with all speed to recover their arms, as by the good providence of God they did. In the meantime, of those that were there ready, two muskets were discharged at them, and two more stood ready in the entrance of their rendezvous but were commanded not to shoot till they could take full aim at them. And the other two charged again with all speed, for there were only four had arms there, and defended the barricado, which was first assaulted. The cry of the Indians was dreadful, especially when they saw their men run out of the rendezvous toward the shallop to recover their arms, the Indians wheeling about upon them. But some running out with coats of mail on, and cutlasses in their hands, they soon got their arms and let fly amongst them and quickly stopped their violence …

“Thus it pleased God to vanquish their enemies and give them deliverance; and by his special providence so to dispose that not any one of them were either hurt or hit, though their arrows came close by them and on every side [of] them; and sundry of their coats, which hung up in the barricado, were shot through and through. Afterwards they gave God solemn thanks and praise for their deliverance, and gathered up a bundle of their arrows and sent them into England afterward by the master of the ship, and called that place the FIRST ENCOUNTER.”

William Bradford, Of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647, ed.

Samuel Eliot Morison (New York : Knopf, 1991), p. 68-72.

Richard Warren & the 1623 Division of Land

The 1623 Division of Land marked the end of the Pilgrims’ earlier system of land held in common by all. Governor Bradford explains it in this way: “And so assigned to every family a parcel of land, according to the proportion of their number, for that end, only for present use (but made no division for inheritance) and ranged all boys and youth under some family. This had very good success, for it made all hands very industrious, so as much more corn was planted than otherwise would have been by any means the Governor or any other could use, and saved him a great deal of trouble, and gave far better content. The women now went willingly into the field, and took their little ones with them to set corn; which before would allege weakness and inability; whom to have compelled would have been thought great tyranny and oppression.”

William Bradford, Of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647, ed.

Samuel Eliot Morison (New York : Knopf, 1991) p. 120

Plymouth Colony Records, Deeds, &c Vol. I 1627-1651 is the oldest record book of the Plymouth settlement. It begins with the 1623 Division of Land, recorded in the handwriting of Governor William Bradford. The lands of Richard Warren were among those designated as “their grounds which came first over in the May Floure, according as thier lotes were case” and are described in this way “these lye one the north side of the towne next adjoyning to their gardens which came in the Fortune.”

Richard Warren & the 1627 Division of Cattle

Plymouth Colony Records, Deeds, &c, Vol. I 1627-1651 also tells of the 1627 Division of Cattle:

“At a publique court held the 22th of May it was concluded by the whole Companie, that the cattell wch were the Companies, to wit, the Cowes & the Goates should be equally devided to all the psonts of the same company … & so the lotts fell as followeth, thirteene psonts being pportioned to one lot … ”

“The ninth lot fell to Richard Warren & his companie Joyned with (2) him his wife Elizabeth Warren (3) Nathaniell Warren (4) Joseph Warren (5) Mary Warren (6) Anna Warren (7) Sara Warren (8) Elizabeth Warren (9) Abigall Warren (10) John Billington (11) George Sowle (12) Mary Sowle (13) Zakariah Sowle. To this lott fell one of the 4 black heyfers that came in the Jacob caled the smooth horned Heyfer and two shee goats.”

Richard Warren : a 1626 Purchaser

  In 1621, King James I authorized the Council for New England to plant and govern land in this area. This Council granted the Peirce Patent, confirming the Pilgrims’ settlement and governance of Plymouth. Peirce and his associates, the merchant adventurers, were allotted 100 acres for each settler the Company transported. The Pilgrims had a contract with the Company stating all land and profits would accrue to the Company for 7 years at which time the assets would be divided among the shareholders. Most of the Pilgrims held some stock. The Pilgrims negotiated a more favorable contract with the Company in 1626. In 1627, 53 Plymouth freemen, known as “The Purchasers,” agreed to buy out the Company over a period of years. In turn, 12 “Undertakers” (8 from Plymouth and 4 from London) agreed to pay off Plymouth’s debts in return for trade benefits.

The list we have of the 1626 Purchasers comes from the Plymouth Colony Records (Vol. 2, p. 177). Because of some discrepancies in the names, it is usually assumed that the list was compiled several years after the actual agreement was negotiated. The Plymouth Colony Records do not list Richard Warren; instead “Elizabeth Warren, widdow” is listed even though Richard Warren was still living in 1626/1627.

Richard Warren : his death

“And seeing it hath pleased Him to give me [William Bradford] to see thirty years completed since these beginnings, and that the great works of His providence are to be observed, I have thought it not unworthy my pains to take a view of the decreasings and increasings of these persons and such changes as hath passed over them and theirs in this thirty years …

“Mr. Richard Warren lived some four or five years and had his wife come over to him, by whom he had two sons before [he] died, and one of them is married and hath two children. So his increase is four. But he had five daughters more came over with his wife, who are all married and living, and have many children.”

William Bradford, Of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647, ed.

Samuel Eliot Morison (New York : Knopf, 1991), p. 443-7.

“1628.

“This year died Mr. Richard Warren, who hath been mentioned before in this book, and was an useful instrument ; and during his life bore a deep share in the difficulties and troubles of the first settlement of the plantation of New Plimouth.”

Nathaniel Morton, New England’s Memorial

(Boston : John Usher, 1669)

Richard Warren’s burial site is unknown.

ElizabethWarren in the Records of Plymouth Colony

1631 [a bequest in the will of Mary Ring] : “I give unto mrs Warren one woodden cupp with a foote as a token of my love.”

Mayflower Descendant, Vol. 1, p. 29-30.

1633 : “a misted [meerstead] that was granted formerly to Richard Warren, deceased, & forfeited by a late order, for want of building, the said misted was granted to Mr. Raph Fog & his heires forever, provided the said Raph w’thin twelve moneths build a dwelling howse upon the same, & allow the widow Warren so much for her fence remayning thereon …”

Plymouth Colony Records, Vol. 1, p. 18.

1633 : “According to an order in Court held the 2d of January, in the seaventh yeare of the raigne of o’r soveraigne lord, Charles, by the grace of God King of Engl., Scotl., France, & Irel., defendr of the faith, &c, the psons heere under menconed were rated for publike use … to be brought in by each pson as they are heere under written, rated in corne at vi [pence] bushell … Widow Warren … 12 s[hilling]s.”

Plymouth Colony Records, Vol. I, p. 9-10.

In 1634, she was also “rated” : “Widow Warren …. 9 [shillings].”

Plymouth Colony Records, Vol. 1, p. 26-27.

1633 [inventory] : “John. Thorp debtor to … To mrs Warren 01 10 08.”

Mayflower Descendant, Vol. 1, p. 160.

1635 : “At this Court, Thomas Williams, ye sarvant of widow Warren, was accused for speaking profane & blasphemous speeches against ye mauestie of God, which wer these : ther being some discention betweene him & his dame, shee, after other things, exhorted him to fear God & doe his duty ; he answered, he neither feared God, nor the divell ; this was proved by witneses, and confesed by himselfe. This, because ye Courte judged it to be spoken in passion & distemper, with reprove did let him pass, upon humble acknowledgmente of his offence ; though ye Gove’r would have had him punished wth bodly punishmente, as ye case seemed to require.”

Plymouth Colony Records, Vol. 1, p. 35.

1635 : “Thomas Clarke was plaintive against widow Warren, for taking a boat of his, which was lost in ye Eele River, wher she left it, by an extraordinary storme, in ye same place ; for which he demanded 15 [pounds] damage ; but ye jury aquite ye defendante, finding ye boat to be borowed, & laid in an ordinary place of saftie ; yet, for other considerations, they gave ye said Thomas Clarke 30

Plymouth Colony Records, Vol. 1, p. 36.

1636/37 : “It is agreed upon, by the consent of the whole Court, that Elizabeth Warren, widdow, the relict of Mr. Richard Warren, deceased, shalbe entred, and stand, and bee purchaser instead of her said husband, as well because that (hee dying before he had pformed the said bargaine) the said Elizabeth pformed the same after his decease, as also for the establishing of the lotts of land given formly by her unto her sonnes in law, Richard Church, Robert Bartlett, and Thomas Little, in marriage with their wives, her daughters.”

Plymouth Colony Records, Vol. 1, p. 54.

1637 : “That Mrs Elizabeth Warren of the Eele River Widdow for and in consideracon of a Marriage already solempnized betwixt John Cooke the yeonger of the Rockey Noocke and Sarah her daughter doth acknowledge that shee hath given granted enfeoffed and confirmed unto the said John Cooke one lot of land lying at the Eele River containeing eighteene acrees or thereabouts and lying on the North side of Robert Bartletts lott formly also given the said Robert in Marriage w’th Mary another of the sd Mrs Warrens daughters …”

Plymouth Colony Records, Vol. 12, p. 27.

1637 : “whereas John Cooke hath a lott of land at the Eele River lying next to Robert Barlet containeing by estimacon eighteene acrees or thereabout given him by Mrs. Elizabeth Warren in marriage w’th his wyfe and Robte Bartlett hath a lott of land of like quantitie lying on the Duxborrow side … the said John Cooke & Robert Bartlett have exhcaunged the said lotts w’th eich other …”

Plymouth Colony Records, Vol. 12, p. 28.

1639 : “M’ris Elizabeth Warren Widdow for and in consideracon of a marriage already consummate betwixt Anthony Snow & Abigall her daughter Hath freely & absolutely given granted assigned & made over unto the said Anthony Snow All that her house scituate nere the place called Wellingsly (alis) Hobs Hole …”

Plymouth Colony Records, Vol. 12, p. 53.

1640 : “Richard Church, Robte Bartlett, Thomas Little, & Mrs Elizabeth Warren are graunted enlargement at the head of their lotts to the foote of the Pyne Hills, leaveing a way betwixt them and the Pyne Hills, for cattell & cart to passe by.”

Plymouth Colony Records, Vol. 1, p. 152.

1644 [from the will of Stephen Hopkins] : “I do bequeath by this my will to my sonn Giles Hopkins my great Bull w’ch is now in the hands of m’ris Warren Also I do give to Stephen Hopkins my sonn Giles his sonne twenty shillings in m’ris Warrens hands for the hire of the said Bull”

Mayflower Descendant, Vol. 2, p. 12.

1651 : “The Names of those that have Interest and proprieties in the Townes land att Punchkateesett over against Road Iland … Mistris Elizabeth Warren.”

Records of the Town of Plymouth, Vol. 1, p. 36

1652 : “petition was prefered by Robert Bartlet unto the Court holden att Plymouth the 7th of October, 1652, therin requesting that wheras sundry speeches have pased from som who pretend themselves to bee the sole and right heires unto the lands on which the said Robert Barlet now liveth, at the Eelriver, in the townshipp of Plymouth, which hee, the said Robert, had bestowed on him by his mother in law, Mis Elizabeth Warren, in marriage with her daughter … doe therby find that Mis Elizabeth Warren, who gave the said lands unto the said Robert and others in like condicion, had power soe to doe, as being by an order of Court bearing date March the 7th, 1637, and other actes of Court before, envested into the state and condicon of a purchaser, as in the said order is expressed ; the said Court doth by these presents, therefore, further ratify and confeirme the aforesaid actes of Court wherby the said Elizabeth Warren is declared to have right to despose of the aforsaid lands, approveing and allowing of the abovesaid gift of land unto the said Robert Barlet and others in like condicon with him, to bee called …”

Plymouth Colony Records, Vol. 3, p. 19.

1653 : “An Obligation appointed to bee recorded ;

“Wheras there hath been a Difference Depending betwixt Mis Elizabeth warren and her sonn Nathaniell Warren about certaine lands which the said Nathaniell conceiveth hee hath right unto as heire unto the lands of Mr Richard Warren Deceased ; These are therfore to Declare and certify unto the court by Mis Jane Collyare in the behalfe of her grandchild Sara the wife of the said Nathaniell Warren and an other petition formerly prefered to the court by Robert Bartlett sonn inlaw of the said Elizabeth wArren by each petitions the prties requesting Justice in the prmises ; the said Mis Elizabeth Warren and Mis Jane Collyare and Nathaniell Warren haveing agreed to refer the said Difference unto such of the bench as they have chosen ; viz Mis Elizabeth Warren hath chosen Mr William Bradford and captaine Willett and Mis Jane Collyare and Nathaniell Warren haveing Chosen Mr Thomas Prence and capt : Myles Standish and they the said Elizabeth Jane and Nathaniell Doe bind them selves heerby videlecett Elizabeth Warren in the summe of an hundred pounds and the said Jane Collyare and Nathaniell Warren in the summe of an hundred pounds to stand to whatsoever they shall Doe and finally Determine in the prmises or the Maior prte of them ; and incase they can not agree they are to chose a fift to bee Umpire in the case In Witnesse wherof they have heerunto sett theire hands The eleventh of June 1653.”

Mayflower Descendant, Vol. 2, p. 64.

1653 : “These are to signifye that upon a claime made by Nathaniell Warren as heire to the lands of Richard Warren late of Plymouth and by Reason alsoe of a petition prefered to the court held att Plymoth the seaventh of June 1653 by mis Jane Collyare in behalfe of her grandchild the wife of the said Nathaniell Warren conserning sundry passages and Discourses between her and mis Elizabeth Warren ye mother of the said Nathaniell Warren about the time of theire contract ; by which the said mis Collyare Did conceive her grandchild should by promise have been Invested and entersed in more lands then the said mis Warren Doth now acknowlidge By Reason wherof many great and sad Differences were like to arise between the prties abovsaid and the said mis Warren and her other children to whom shee had Desposed som prte of her lands to theire great Discontent if not undoeing ; The case was Refered by both prties ; videlecett the said Nathaniell Warren and mis Jane Collyare on the one prtie and mis Elizabeth Warren on the other prtie To Mr Willam Bradford Mr Thomas Prence captaine Myles Standish and captaine Thomas Willett as arbetrators chosen Indiffrently by them to end Deside Issue and finnally Determine all contraversies Differences and claimes about this matter that hath arisen or may for ever arise heerafter for which end the prties abovesaid were all and every of them bound in an assumsett of an hundred pounds apeece to stand to theire award which is as followeth

“first That the said Nathaniell Warren shall enjoy to him and his heires for ever all that land which hee is now possess of ; and moreover shall have two thirds of those lands called purchase lands as yett unlayed out ;

“2’condly And mis Warren shall enjoy that three acres of land bee it more or lesse lying neare to the lotts of Nathaniell Warren ; Dureing his life ; but after her Decease it shall come to Nathaniell Warren

“3’dly shee and her children (viz mis Warren aforsaid) shall quietly enjoy all the Rest of her lands and all of them to whom shee hath alreddy att any time heer(to)fore Desposed any prte therof by gift sale or otherwise or shall heerafter Doe the same To them and theire heires for ever without any trouble or molestacon ;

“4’ly Lastly the said Nathaniell Warren shall for ever cease all other or further claimes suites questions or any molestations or Disturbance att any time heerafter conserning the pr’mises ; but that his said mother and all her children or any other to whom shee hath any way Desposed any lands or shall heerafter Doe the same ; But that they may quietly and peacably posesse and enjoy the same they and theire heires for ever without any molestation from him and his att any time heerafter ; This Determination and award wee have signed under our hands The eleventh of June 1653.

Willam Bradford, Thomas Prence, Myles Standish, Thomas Willett.”

Mayflower Descendant, Vol. 3, p. 141-142.

1660 the Purchasers of Dartmouth : “Att a generall meeting of the Purchasers att Plymouth the seaventh of march 1652 It was ordered and fully agreed unto and Concluded by the whole that all that Tract and tracts of lands lying from the Purchassers bounds on the west side of Acoughcusse to a river called Accusshaneck and three miles to the Eastwards of the same ; with all Ilands meddows woods waters rivers Creekes and all appurtenances therunto belonging Should bee given to those whose names are heerunder written Containing thirty four shares and was then given alloted Assigned and sett over to them by the whole to have and to hold to them and their heires and Assignes for ever ; to Devide and Dispose of the same as they should see good ; and they are to Satisfy the Indians for the Purchase therof and to beare all other Due Charges that shall any way arise about the same According to their severall proportions… mistris Warren, [et al.]…Wheras these Purchasers whoe by agreement of the whole had theire proportions of Purchase land falling unto them in the places above mencioned whoe by agreement had theire severall names entered into a list (together with some other old Comers) under the hand of the honored Gov’r : late Deceased they Did Desire that the list of theire Names might bee recorded ; but the above written originall list of Names and the agreement Could not bee found in some yeares ; soe that it was Judged lost These purchasers notwithstanding still Desiring that what was theire right might bee recorded ; wherupon order was given by the aforsaid Gov’r that it might bee Done …

“The names of those whoe by order of the Purchasers mett att Plymouth the seaventh Day of march 1652 whoe by Joyne consent and agreement of the said purchasers are to have theire prtes shares or proportions att the place or places commonly called and knowne by the names of Acushena alias acquessent which entereth in att the western end of Neckatay and to Coaksett alisa acoakius and places adjacent ; the bounds of which Tract fully to extend… The said Tract or tract[s] of Land soe bounded as abovesaid which is purchased of the Indians which were the right propriators therof ; as appeers by a Deed under theire hands with all the mershes meddows rivers waters woods Timbers ; and all other profitts privilidges emunities comodities and appurtenances belonging to the said Tract or Tracts above expressed or any prte or prcell therof to belonge unto the prties whose names are underwritten (whoe are in number thirty four whole prtes or shares and noe more) to them and their heires and assignes for ever …Mis Warren one whole share, [et al.]”

Mayflower Descendant, Vol. 4, p. 185-188.

1673 : “Mistris Elizabeth Warren, an aged widdow, aged above 90 yeares, deceased on the second of October, 1673, whoe, haveing lived a godly life, came to her grave as a shocke of corn fully ripe. Shee was honorably buried on the 24th of October aforsaid.”

Plymouth Colony Records, Vol. 8, p. 35.

  • Spouse:                   Elizabeth Walker, 8G Grandmother (Feb 1582-2 Oct 1673)
  • Birth:                      Feb 15822,1,2
  • Birth Place:              England
  • Memo:                    Wakefield says “ca 1580” but Anderson says “she died at Plymouth on 2 October 1673, aged about 90 (probably an exaggeration) [PCR 8:35]”
  • Death:                     2 Oct 1673, age: 912,1,8,2,8
  • Death Place:             Plymouth Township, Massachusetts

Research: Research Notes:

Anderson infers that Elizabeth Warren’s birth was not as early as 1580 when he states that she “died at Plymouth on 2 October 1673, aged about 90 (probably an exaggeration) [PCR 8:35]” 3

Wakefield accepts Elizabeth Warren’s birth as “ca. 1580”3

Many references give “March” as the maiden name of Elizabeth Warren but it is as yet unsubstantiated.1

A WOMAN OF VALOR :ELIZABETH WARREN OF PLYMOUTH COLONY by Peggy M. BakerDirector & Librarian, Pilgrim Society & Pilgrim Hall Museum

“A woman of valor, who can find? Far beyond pearls is her value… Give her the fruit of her hands, and she will be praised at the gates by her very own deeds.” Proverbs 31:10

The “Pilgrim Mothers” are mysteries. These intrepid women of 17th century Plymouth Colony are known by their husbands and known by their children. Their own lives, however, are seen only in glimpses, pale images reflected off the activities of the families which revolved around them. The women themselves are almost invisible.

While the court records of Plymouth Colony reveal much about the daily activities of the law-abiding men of the Colony, they tell us little about the women (except for those few women who broke the law). There was, in fact, no officially recognized role for the law-abiding married woman. The activities and contributions of those women, although vital to the survival and success of the Colony, are nowhere registered or officially acknowledged.

According to the accepted legal convention of the times, all married women, even those conducting business independently, were regarded as representatives of their husbands. Only widows could be legally recognized as agents in their own right. Very few widows availed themselves of the privileges and the responsibilities that such independent status would entail.

One Pilgrim woman, however, breaks through the patriarchal conventions of 17th century society. By the longevity of her widowhood and by the independence of her actions, Elizabeth Warren emerges from the collective category of “Pilgrim Mother” as a highly individual woman.

Elizabeth Warren appears full-grown on the shores of American history. Nothing is known of her English background, apart from her marriage to Richard Warren. Richard was one of the 102 passengers on the Mayflower, that sailed into Plymouth Harbor in December 1620.

Many of the Mayflower passengers traveled as families. Some families, however, with many young children or other family responsibilities, or those thought (in Pilgrim William Bradford’s words) “most unfit to bear the brunt of this hard adventure,” separated. The men sailed in 1620 and the women and children delayed their sailing, planning on joining their menfolk after the Colony was established. Richard Warren was among the men who sailed alone in 1620.

According to family tradition, Richard Warren brought with him on the Mayflower a particularly treasured (and very portable) family possession – a large linen damask napkin, woven in the Netherlands c.1600, now on display at Pilgrim Hall Museum in Plymouth, Massachusetts.

The napkin’s woven design forms horizontal bands. One band shows a series of symbols – maces encircled by laurel branches and flanked by winged cherubs — representing the city of Amsterdam, with the words “Amster Dam” appearing beneath each symbol. Another band shows the city with houses, churches and canal bridges. The harbor below has rows of small boats with festive figures that appear to be dancing among barrels and boxes on the near shore.

The Warren family was separated for three years. One small ship, the Fortune, arrived in Plymouth in 1621 carrying a number of “lusty young men, and many of them wild enough” to supplement the fledgling Colony’s manpower. It was not until 1623 that two ships, the Anne and the Little James, arrived in Plymouth carrying 80-some new immigrants to Plymouth Colony, including members of the separated families. Among them were Fear and Patience Brewster, the daughters of Mayflower passengers William and Mary Brewster, as well as Samuel Fuller’s wife Bridget. Francis Cooke, who had voyaged on the Mayflowerwith his teenage son John, was joined by his wife, Hester, and their three younger children Jane, Jacob and Hester. Richard Warren was reunited by his wife Elizabeth and the five Warren daughters, Mary, Anna, Sarah, Elizabeth and Abigail.

The Warrens joined in the life of the small but growing agricultural community : Richard would have played a role in public affairs and worked the fields. Elizabeth would have run the large household that included not only the immediate family but also their farm workers and hired help. On occasion, she would have joined Richard in the fields. The Warren home would have been small and modestly furnished.

Very little furniture survives from the early years of Plymouth Colony. Most pieces were simple and sturdy, suited to life in a frontier community. The Warren “joint stool,” so-named for its joined mortise-and-tenon construction, would have been used both as seating furniture and as a table. The Warren stool is now in the collections of Pilgrim Hall Museum.

Two sons were born to the Warrens after Elizabeth’s 1623 arrival in Plymouth Colony. Their birth dates are not recorded but evidence of their presence can be found in the “1627 Division of Cattle.”

In 1627, the Colony’s livestock, formerly held in common, was divided among the Colony’s residents. Every person living in Plymouth in 1627 was assigned to a “Lot,” generally arranged by family group, and the name of every resident was individually recorded in Plymouth Colony Records Volume I. Listed there we find not only Richard and Elizabeth and their five daughters, but also the names of their two young sons, Nathaniel and Joseph Warren.

Richard Warren died in 1628. Elizabeth, left a widow with 7 children (five young women, ranging from early teens to probably early twenties, and two small boys under the age of 5), never remarried. Elizabeth outlived her husband Richard by 45 years.

Unlike the majority of Plymouth Colony women, Elizabeth Warren’s name appears regularly in the records of Plymouth Colony during the long period of her widowhood. She appears first as paying the taxes owed by all heads of household. She appears next as executor of her husband’s estate.

Elizabeth then appears as one of the Plymouth Colony “Purchasers.” In 1626, 53 (male) citizens of Plymouth Colony agreed to underwrite some of the Colony’s debt in a complicated arrangement with its financial backers. Richard Warren was one of the original 1626 Purchasers. The list of the names of the Purchasers did not appear in the Plymouth Colony Records, however, until several years had passed. During that time, Richard Warren had died. In a startling break with tradition, the list of Purchasers does not contain the name of Richard Warren but, instead, “Elizabeth Warren, widow.” The Court felt it necessary to explain this unprecedented move, noting that Elizabeth was listed in Richard’s stead because Richard, “dying before he had performed the bargain, the said Elizabeth performed the same after his decease.”

In 1635, Elizabeth Warren appears in the Records of Plymouth Colony in a totally new role. No longer seen as acting to fulfill the obligations of her long-deceased husband Richard, Elizabeth now enters the recorded life of the Colony as a totally independent agent. We have not only a court case involving Elizabeth, we hear an echo of her actual words.

Elizabeth brought her servant Thomas Williams before the Court for “speaking profane & blasphemous speeches against the majesty of God.” In a disagreement between mistress and servant, Elizabeth Warren had exhorted Thomas Williams “to fear God and do his duty. He answered, he neither feared God, nor the devil.” Although Governor William Bradford advocated “bodily punishment,” the judgment of the Court was that a reproof was sufficient, Williams having “spoken in passion and distemper,” and making “humble acknowledgment of his offense.”

Elizabeth’s activities continue to be documented to an unusual extent in theRecords of Plymouth Colony. In the late 1630s, she appears in the Records deeding land from the Warren holdings in Plymouth’s Eel River Valley to her sons-in-law.

The Warren daughters had matured and married: Mary to Anne passenger Robert Bartlett, Anna to Thomas Little, Sarah to Mayflower passenger John Cooke, Elizabeth to Richard Church and Abigail to Anthony Snow. Relations within the large extended family seemed amicable.

In 1652, however, trouble suddenly loomed! Elizabeth’s deeds to her sons-in-law, deeds that had been executed 15 years previously, were challenged by persons unnamed. The Plymouth Colony Records report a petition brought by Elizabeth’s son-in-law Robert Bartlett asking for clarification of Elizabeth’s right to deed land because “sundry speeches have passed from some who pretend themselves to be the sole and right heirs unto the lands on which the said Robert Bartlett now liveth, at the Eel River, in the township of Plymouth, which he, the said Robert, had bestowed on him by his mother-in-law Mistress Elizabeth Warren.”

The Court decided, unequivocally, in Elizabeth’s favor, finding that she had the power to give the land, since she had been “by an order of Court bearing date March the 7th, 1637, and other acts of the Court before, invested into the state and condition of a Purchaser.”The Court once again ratified and confirmed her status as a Purchaser and specifically ruled that Elizabeth Warren had the right to dispose of her lands, including the gifts of land she had made to her sons-in-law.

Even this clear-cut Court ruling was insufficient to settle the quarrel. And as the dispute continued, the identity of those “who pretend themselves to be the sole and right heirs” was revealed to be Elizabeth’s own son Nathaniel Warren and his grandmother-in-law Jane Collier.

Nathaniel, now married and in his mid-to-late 20s, claimed that he “hath right unto as heir unto the lands of Mr. Richard Warren, deceased.” The two sides in the quarrel agreed to submit the argument to arbitration, each choosing 2 members to sit on the 4-man arbitration panel. Elizabeth Warren chose William Bradford and Thomas Willett. Nathaniel Warren chose Thomas Prence and Myles Standish.

The arbitration panel came swiftly to its unanimous conclusion. Nathaniel Warren received an acknowledgment of his right to share in the Warren lands. The panel confirmed what had never seemed to be in doubt, namely that Nathaniel could continue to hold the land he currently possessed. Nathaniel was also granted 2/3 of the Warren “Purchase Lands” which had not as yet been assigned and possession, after Elizabeth’s death, of 3 acres of land near his current holdings.

The major finding of the arbitration panel, however, must have come as a severe shock to young Nathaniel! The expected outcome by law and by custom would certainly have favored Elizabeth’s son. But, far from vindicating his patriarchal claims, the panel issued a stunning and resounding confirmation of Elizabeth’s status as head of her household and of her authority to act as an independent agent. The panel not only found that she “shall enjoy all the rest of her lands and all of them to whom she hath already at any time heretofore disposed any part thereof by gift, sale or otherwise, or shall hereafter do the same, to them and their heirs for ever without any trouble or molestation” but severely rapped Nathaniel’s unfilial knuckles.

The Court concluded by bidding Nathaniel to

forever cease all other or further claims, suits, questions, or any molestations or disturbance at any time hereafter concerning the premises, but that his said mother and all her children, or any other to whom she has any way disposed any lands or shall hereafter do the same, but that they may quietly and peaceably possess and enjoy the same.

Elizabeth Warren seems, indeed, to have quietly and peaceably enjoyed the remainder of her days. When she died in 1673, this remarkable woman received the unprecedented but well-earned tribute of a eulogy in the Records of Plymouth Colony

Mistress Elizabeth Warren, an aged widow, aged above 90 years, deceased on the second of October, 1673. Who, having lived a godly life, came to her grave as a shock of corn fully ripe.

Marriage:                 14 Apr 16103

Marr Place:              Great Amwell, Hertfordshire, England

7 Children…

  •                               Mary (abt 1610-27 Mar 1683)
  •                               Anna (abt 1612-AFT 19 Feb 1674/75)
  •                               Sarah (abt 1614-aft 15 Jul 1696)
  •                               Elizabeth (abt 1616-9 Mar 1670)
  •                               Abigail (abt 1618-3 Jan 1693)
  •                               Nathaniel (abt 1624-abt Sep 1667)
  •                               Joseph (abt 1626-4 May 1689)

(2) 1.1 Mary Warren9,9, 8G Grandmother

_____________________________________________________________

  • Birth:                      abt 16109,9
  • Birth Place:              England
  • Death:                     27 Mar 1683, age: 739,9
  • Death Place:             Plymouth Township,  Massachusetts
  • Father:                     Richard Warren, 8G Grandfather (abt 1578-1628)
  • Mother:                   Elizabeth Walker, 8G Grandmother (Feb 1582-2 Oct 1673)

On 27 July 1633 Mrs. Warren and Robt. Bartlet were to mow where they did last year implying a marriage to Mary by 1632 or earlier.4

On 27 une 1659 Robet Bartlett took a lease for 10 years of the lands of his late son-in-law Richard Foster.

On 4 March 1674 Mary Bartlett the wife of robert Bartlett owned she had received full satisfaction for her share of the estate of Mistris Elizabeth Warren deceased.

On 14 July 1670 Robert Bartlett, wine cooper of  Plymouth, deeded land to son-in-law James Barnabey, cord-wainer, and daughter Lydia Barnabey his wife.

On 14 July 1673 Robert Bartlett of Plymouth, wine cooper, gave son Joseph Bartlett all of his farm.

The will of Robert Bartlett of Plymouth, dated 19 September 1676, proved 29 October 1676 gave all his estate to his wife to dispose among his children.

On 6 March 1677 letters of administation were grnated unto mary Bartlett and Joseph Bartlett to administer the estate of Robert Bartlett, deceased.

On 13 February 1677, acknowledged same day, Mary Bartlett, widow of Robert Bartlett, sold all the estate to her son Joseph Bartlett.

In 1683 (no date mentioned) Benjamin Bartlet Sr. of Duxborough and Joseph Bartlet of Plimouth, yeomen, confirmed that their father Robert Bartlet of Plimouth in his will made bequest to William Harlow Jr. of Plymouth his grandson, 50 acres of land in Plymouth and that their mother Mary Bartlet now deceased did during her widowhood affirm the gift.4

Spouse:                   Robert Bartlett, 8G Grandfather (27 May 1603-5 Nov 1688)

  • Birth:                      27 May 1603
  • Birth Place:              All Saints Parish, Northampton, England
  • Death:                     5 Nov 1688, age: 85
  • Death Place:             Manomet, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Father:                     Robert Bartlett, 9G Grandfather (2 Dec 1579-9 Jun 1655)

ROBERT BARTLETT1

ORIGIN:  Unknown

MIGRATION:  1623 on Anne

FIRST RESIDENCE:  Plymouth

OCCUPATION:  Wine cooper

CHURCH MEMBERSHIP:  On 1 May 1660 at Plymouth court “Robert Bartlett appeared, being summoned in answer for speaking contemptuously of singing of psalms, and was convict of the fact …” [PCR 3:185-86].

FREEMAN:  In the “1633” Plymouth list of freemen in proximity to those admitted on 1 January 1632/3 [PCR 1:4].  On list of 7 March 1636/7 [PCR 1:53].  In Plymouth section of lists of freemen of 1639 and (apparently) 1658 [PCR 8:174, 197].

EDUCATION:  Signed all deeds by mark.  Inventory included books valued at 7s.

OFFICES:  Committee to lay out highways, 2 May 1637 [PCR 1:58]; Plymouth petit jury, 6 June 1643, 28 October 1645, 7 June 1648, 6 March 1649/50, 4 October 1653, 7 March 1653/4, 3 October 1654, 3 May 1659 [PCR 2:126; 7:35, 41, 47, 67, 70, 72, 93]; Plymouth grand jury, 5 June 1644, 2 June 1646, 17 May 1649, 7 June 1652, 8 June 1655 [PCR 2:71, 102, 3:9, 78; PTR 1:28]; surveyor of highways, 4 June 1645, 4 June 1661 [PCR 2:84, 3:215]; committee to lay out land, 24 May 1660 [PTR 1:41].  In Plymouth section of 1643 list of men able to bear arms [PCR 8:189].

ESTATE:  In the 1623 Plymouth land division granted one acre as a passenger on the Anne [PCR 12:6].  In the 1627 Plymouth division of cattle “Robert Bartlet” was the twelfth person in the tenth company [PCR 12:12].  Assessed 9s. in the Plymouth tax lists of 25 March 1633 and 27 March 1634 [PCR 1:10, 27].

On 1 July 1633 it was ordered that “Mrs. Warren & Rob[er]t Bartlet mow where they did last year …” [PCR 1:15].

On 28 May 1635 “Thomas Litle came before the Governor and acknowledged that he had given unto Robart Bartlet a parcel of land at the end of his lot beyond Eel River,” and describes himself as brother-in-law to Bartlett [PCR 1:34].  On 14 March 1635/6 it was ordered that “Mrs. Warren, Rich. Church, Tho. Litle, & Rob[er]t Bartlet mow where they did last year …” [PCR 1:41]. 

On 20 March 1636/7 it was ordered that “Richard Church, Rob[er]te Bartlet, & Thomas Little, [have] hay ground where they had the last year, and to take further supply where they can find it, in places not granted to others, and Rob[er]te Bartlet to have the swamp or pit at the head of Mr. Bradford’s ground” [PCR 1:56].  On 5 May 1640 “Richard Church, Rob[er]te Bartlett, Thomas Little, & Mrs. Elizabeth Warren are granted enlargements at the heads of their lots to the foot of the Pine Hills …” [PCR 1:152].

On 7 February 1637 “Mrs. Elizabeth Warren of the Eele River widow for and in consideration of a marriage solemnized betwixt John Cooke the younger of the Rockey Nooke and Sarah her daughter” granted to the said John Cooke “eighteen acres or thereabouts and lying on the north side of Robert Bartlett’s lot formerly also given the said Robert in marriage with Mary another of the said Mrs. Warren’s daughters” [PCR 12:27].

On 11 November 1637 John Cooke exchanged this eighteen acre parcel with Robert Bartlett for a “lot of land of like quantity lying on Duxborrow side betwixt the lots of Thomas Morton and Jonathan Brewster” [PCR 12:28].

On 9 April 1649 Richard Church sold to Robert Bartlett for œ25 a “house and housing and land with all the meadow ground with the addition that he had of Goodman Kemton at the Eel River” [PCR 12:165-66].

On 7 March 1652 Robert Bartlett held a full share as a purchaser of Dartmouth [MD 4:185-88, citing PCLR 2:1:106-07].

On 30 January 1653 Samuel Hicks of Plymouth, planter, sold to Robert Bartlett of Plymouth, cooper, for œ18 eleven acres of upland on the south side of Plymouth [MD 5:94-95, citing PCLR 2:1:97].

Robert Bartlett appears in a March 1651 Plymouth town list of those “that have interest and proprieties in the town’s land at Punckateesett over against Road Iland” [PTR 1:37].  On 22 March 1663 the lots at “Puncateesett” were described, Robert Bartlett sharing the 24th lot with James Cole Sr. [PTR 1:67].  On 8 March 1668/9 Robert Bartlett of Plymouth, cooper, sold to John Almey of Portsmouth, Rhode Island, merchant, for œ3 his share in land granted by the town of Plymouth in 1649 “lying over against Rhode Island aforesaid, at the place commonly called and known by the name of Punckateesett” [PCLR 3:328].

On 27 June 1659 Robert Bartlett of Plymouth, cooper, engaged to pay to Benjamin Foster, the son of Richard Foster, œ8 when he reaches the age of twenty-one, on the condition that Bartlett would have the use of Richard Foster’s land for the term of ten years; and “Mary the wife of the said Richard Foster deceased” engages to bring up the said Benjamin Foster, who is now four years old [MD 14:15-16, citing PCLR 2:2:28].

In 1660 the town of Plymouth granted to Robert Bartlett fifty acres “lying between the sea and the fern swamp between the Eelriver and Mannomett ponds” [PTR 1:43]; the bounds of this grant were described on 20 February 1662 [PTR 1:54].  On 26 January 1663 the town of Plymouth granted to those living at Eel River a quarter-mile extension on their lots, towards the pine hills [PTR 1:59].  On 21 February 1663 the town of Plymouth granted to Robert Bartlett eight acres of meadow that had been in dispute [PTR 1:61, 62].  On [blank] July 1667 the town of Plymouth granted to Robert Bartlett “a piece of swamp … to make meadow of lying adjoining to his meadow at the Eelriver” [PTR 1:89].

On 14 July 1670 Robert Bartlett of Plymouth, wine cooper, gave to “my son-in-law James Barnabey, cordwinder” of Plymouth and “my daughter Lydia Barnabey his wife” twenty acres “by me purchased of the said my brother-in-law Richard Church,” and four acres of upland meadow added to it [MD 3:112, citing PCLR 3:297].

On 17 February 1670/1 Robert Bartlett of Plymouth, cooper, sold to Thomas Burge Jr. of Newport, Rhode Island, for œ50 half his share of land at Acushena in Dartmouth and half his share of land at Pascomansucke in Dartmouth (reserving one-third of the last named share) [MD 3:112, citing PCLR 5:118; RILE 1:140].

On 14 July 1673 “Robert Bartlett of the town of Plymouth … wine cooper” granted to “my son Joseph Bartlett” for love and affection “all that my farm, messuage, tenement and seat, which I now live in and am possessed of, in the township of Plymouth aforesaid, situate and being at a place or river commonly called Eel River: viz: all that my house and land there”; four acres of marsh meadow there; and two acres of fresh or upland meadow; to be entered upon by his son on the death of the grantor and his wife [MD 3:112-13, citing PCLR 3:301].

On 19 September 1676 Robert Bartlett made a nuncupative will, bequeathing to “my wife all my estate yet undisposed of whether it be in lands or movables, goods, chattels, debts.  I give all unto my wife to be absolutely at her dispose among my children” [MD 3:114, citing PCPR 3:2:87].  The inventory of the estate of Robert Bartlett was taken 29 October 1676 and totalled œ170 16s. 6d., including œ100 in real estate: “2 dwellinghouses and a barn, upland and meadow” [MD 3:114, citing PCPR 3:2:87].  On 6 March 1676/7 “Letters of administration is granted by the Court unto Mary Bartlett & Joseph Bartlett to administer the estate of Robert Bartlett, deceased” [PCR 5:220].

On 13 February 1677 “Mary Bartlett widow and late wife unto Robert Bartlett deceased” sold to “my son Joseph Bartlett” for œ300 all the estate which was reserved to her use for life in the deed of gift from her husband Robert Bartlett to the said Joseph Bartlett, as well as fifty acres of upland “near a place commonly called the salt marsh … between the Eelriver and Mannomett Ponds,” fifty acres of upland lying between the land of Ephraim Morton Jr. and the land that did belong to James Barnabey deceased, a parcel of meadow on the Eelriver, and all personal estate given her by husband Robert Bartlett in his will [MD 3:115-16, citing PCLR 4:223].

BIRTH:  Born by about 1604 based on estimated date of marriage.

DEATH:  Plymouth between 19 September 1676 (date of will) and 29 October 1676 (date of probate).

MARRIAGE:  By about 1629 Mary Warren, daughter of RICHARD WARREN (on 7 March 1636/7 Elizabeth Warren, widow of Richard Warren, was made a purchaser in his stead, in part because “of the lots of lands given formerly by her unto her sons in law, Richard Church, Robert Bartlett, and Thomas Little, in marriage with their wives, her daughters” [PCR 1:54], and this was confirmed on 5 October 1652 [PCR 3:19]); she died between 13 February 1677/8 [PCLR 4:223] and 1683 [PLR 1:132].

CHILDREN (all born Plymouth):

i)  BENJAMIN, b. say 1629; m. (1) by 1654 Susanna Jenney, daughter of JOHN JENNEY (in her will of 4 April 1654 Sarah Jenney, widow of John Jenney, bequeathed to “my son Benjamin Bartlett,” and to Mr. Thomas Cushman “the bible which was my daughter Susanna’s” [MD 8:171-75, citing PCPR 1:17-21]); m. (2) after 4 April 1654 Sarah Brewster, daughter of LOVE BREWSTER [MFIP Warren 10-12, citing PCR 4:80, 173-4]; m. (3) before 21 January 1678 Sissilla _____ (named in his will of 21 August 1691 [MFIP Warren 10-12, citing PCLR 4:281; MQ 51:131-34]).

ii)  REBECCA, b. say 1631; m. Plymouth 20 December 1649 William Harlow [PCR 8:8].

iii)  MARY, b. say 1633; m. (1) Plymouth 10 September 1651 Richard Foster [PCR 8:13]; m. (2) Plymouth 8 July 1659 Jonathan Morey [PCR 8:22 (marriage contract dated 27 June 1659 [MD 14:16, citing PCLR 2:2:28a])].

iv)  SARAH, b. say 1636; m. Plymouth 23 December 1656 Samuel Rider [PCR 8:17].

v)  JOSEPH, b. about 1639; m. by about 1663 Hannah Pope, daughter of THOMAS POPE [MD 19:24, citing PLR 1:84]; “March the 12, 1710 My dear wife Hannah Bartlet died being near 72 years of age, myself being six months younger than she when she died …” [NEHGR 101:279 (from family Bible)].  (If the date given for the death of Hannah is 12 March 1710/1, then she was probably born in the first half of 1639, which would place her husband’s birth late in 1639.)

vi)  ELIZABETH, b. say 1641; m. Plymouth 26 December 1661 Anthony Sprague [PCR 8:23].

vii)  LYDIA, b. 8 June 1648 [PCR 8:4, 291 (despite the fact that this is published as a birth of 1647, it is clear from the sequence of the records that it should be for 1648)]; m. (1) by about 1670 James Barnaby [PCLR 3:297]; m. (2) shortly after 30 October 1677 John Nelson as his second of three wives [TAG 56:33-34; MFIP Warren 16-17]; she d. Plymouth 11 September 1691 [PVR 135].

viii)  MERCY, b. 10 March 1650/1 [PCR 8:11]; m. Plymouth 25 December 1668 John Joy of Boston [MFIP Warren 17; PCR 8:32 (not Ivey)].

COMMENTS:  In 1959 John G. Hunt suggested that Robert Bartlett of Plymouth was the same as a Robert Bartlett baptized at Puddletown, Dorsetshire, on 27 May 1603, and twenty years later Paul Prindle published a fuller pedigree of this Dorsetshire family, but at the moment this proposed identification remains only a possibility [TAG 35:214, 55:164-70].  Robert of Puddletown had brother Benjamin and sisters Mary, Lydia and Elizabeth, all names used by Robert of Plymouth.

 Clues as to the ages of the children of Robert Bartlett are sparse, and several attempts have been made to determine the birth order of the children.  Aside from the evidence of birth dates for the last two children, the date of freemanship for son Benjamin and the age at death for son Joseph, our most useful information comes from the marriage dates for the older daughters.  The statement has frequently been made that Benjamin must have been born by 6 June 1633, since he was made free on 6 June 1654 [PCR 3:48].  But he had by 4 April 1654 already married and buried one wife, and was soon to marry a second, which suggests a man a few years older than twenty-one in that year.  If we place the birth of Benjamin in 1629, then we have a gap of about six or seven years in which to place daughters Rebecca and Mary (1629-1636), but to do this we must assume that they both married when they were about eighteen, rather than rely on our usual rule of marrying daughters at age twenty in the absence of other evidence.  There would be nothing unusual about this, and the resulting sequence of births for the elder children is in agreement with the evidence.  Note also that under almost any interpretation there is a gap of about six years between the births of the sixth and seventh children of this couple.

 On 25 December 1635 Robert Bartlett took Richard Stinnings as an apprentice for nine years, his time to begin on 1 December 1635 [PCR 1:35].  On 4 August 1638, for œ6 10s. and twenty bushels of Indian corn, John Barnes assigned to Robert Bartlett the remaining term of service of Thomas Shreive (being three years from the first day of August instant), Robert Bartlett also paying Shreive œ3 6s. 8d., and Shreive agreeing to serve an additional year for another œ5 [PCR 12:32].

BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE:  The most complete treatment of Robert Bartlett and his family may be found in George E. Bowman’s account of the descendants of RICHARD WARREN in MD 3:105-17.  This article includes abstracts of all records relating to Robert Bartlett and complete transcripts of the probate documents and some critical deeds, and is only slightly marred by a misguided effort to represent dates in both Old Style and New Style.  A shorter but also excellent account may be found in Moore Anc 60-72.  Paul W. Prindle included a solid version of the family in his limited edition Ancestors and Descendants of Timothy Crosby Jr. (Orleans, Mass., 1981), 2:342-50.  For a more recent brief presentation of this family see Robert S. Wakefield, Janice A. Beebe, et al., Richard Warren of the Mayflower … (MFIP, 4th ed., 1991 [referred to above as MFIP Warren]), which carefully presents the evidence for the marriages of the children.

Marriage:                 aft 22 May 16274

Marr Place:              Plymouth Township, Massachusetts

Memo:                    married perhaps in 1629

1 Child…

                              Mary (abt 1634-26 Sep 1692)

(3) 1.1.1a Mary Bartlett*10,10, 7G Grandmother

_____________________________________________________________

  • Birth:                      abt 163410,10
  • Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Death:                     26 Sep 1692, age: 5810,10
  • Death Place:             Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Father:                     Robert Bartlett, 8G Grandfather (27 May 1603-5 Nov 1688)
  • Mother:                   Mary Warren, 8G Grandmother (abt 1610-27 Mar 1683)
  • Spouse:                   Johnathan Morey (Apr 1637-19 May 1708)
  • Birth:                      Apr 163710,10
  • Birth Place:              Salem, Essex County, England
  • Death:                     19 May 1708, age: 7110,10
  • Death Place:             Plympton, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Marriage:                 8 Jul 165910,11
  • Marr Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • 3 Children…

                              Jonathan (abt 1661-)

                              John (abt 1666-)

                              Hannah (abt 1674-)

Other spouses:          Richard Foster

(4) 1.1.1a.1 Jonathan Morey12,12, Half 6G Granduncle

_____________________________________________________________

Birth:                      abt 166112,12

Birth Place:              Plymouth Township,  Massachusetts

Father:                     Johnathan Morey (Apr 1637-19 May 1708)

Mother:                   Mary Bartlett, 7G Grandmother (abt 1634-26 Sep 1692

(4) 1.1.1a.2 John Morey12,12, Half 6G Granduncle

_____________________________________________________________

  • Birth:                      abt 166612,12
  • Father:                     Johnathan Morey (Apr 1637-19 May 1708)
  • Mother:                   Mary Bartlett, 7G Grandmother (abt 1634-26 Sep 1692)

(4) 1.1.1a.3 Hannah Morey12,12, Half 6G Grandaunt

_____________________________________________________________

  • Birth:                      abt 167412,12
  • Birth Place:              Plymouth Township,  Massachusetts
  • Father:                     Johnathan Morey (Apr 1637-19 May 1708)
  • Mother:                   Mary Bartlett, 7G Grandmother (abt 1634-26 Sep 1692)

(3) 1.1.1b Mary Bartlett* (See above)

_____________________________________________________________

  • Spouse:                   Richard Foster, 7G Grandfather (? -abt 1658)
  • Birth:                      ? 10,10
  • Birth Place:              England
  • Death:                     abt 165810,10
  • Death Place:             Plymouth Township,  Massachusetts
  • Marriage:                 10 Sep 165110,13
  • Marr Place:              Plymouth Township,  Massachusetts
  • 2 Children…

                              Mary (Morey) (8 Mar 1653-5 Dec 1736)

                              Benjamin (Morey) (abt 1655-)

Other spouses:          Johnathan Morey

(4) 1.1.1b.1 Mary (Morey) Foster, 6G Grandmother

_____________________________________________________________

  • Birth:                      8 Mar 165312,14,12,14
  • Birth Place:              Plymouth Township,  Massachusetts
  • Death:                     5 Dec 1736, age: 8315,15
  • Death Place:             Plympton, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Burial:                     Dec 173616,16
  • Burial Place:             Lakenham Cemetery, North Carver, Massachusetts
  • Memo:                    Plympton is now Carver, Massachusetts
  • Father:                     Richard Foster, 7G Grandfather (? -abt 1658)
  • Mother:                   Mary Bartlett, 7G Grandmother (abt 1634-26 Sep 1692)
  • Spouse:                   Nathaniel Atwood, 6G Grandfather (25 Feb 1651/52-17 Dec 1724)
  • Birth:                      25 Feb 1651/5213,13
  • Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Death:                     17 Dec 1724, age: 7317,17
  • Death Place:             Plympton, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Father:                     John Atwood, 7G Grandfather (14 Dec 1614-7 Mar 1674/75)
  • Mother:                   Sarah Masterson, 7G Grandmother (abt 1620-6 Jun 1714)
  • Marriage:                 168316
  • Marr Place:              Plymouth Township,  Massachusetts
  • 4 Children…

                              John (1 May 1684-6 Aug 1754)

                              Elizabeth (24 Apr 1687-)

                              Joanna (27 Feb 1690-30 Mar 1690)

                              Mary (26 Apr 1691-26 Apr 1691)

(5) 1.1.1b.1.1a John Atwood*18,19,18,19, 5G Grandfather

_____________________________________________________________

  • Birth:                      1 May 16843,20
  • Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Death:                     6 Aug 1754, age: 703,20
  • Death Place:             Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Father:                     Nathaniel Atwood, 6G Grandfather (25 Feb 1651/52-17 Dec 1724)
  • Mother:                   Mary (Morey) Foster, 6G Grandmother (8 Mar 1653-5 Dec 1736)
  • Spouse:                   Sarah Leavitt, 5G Grandmother (8 Feb 1688/89-22 Jan 1725/26)
  • Birth:                      8 Feb 1688/893,20
  • Birth Place:              Hingham Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Death:                     22 Jan 1725/26, age: 363,20
  • Death Place:             Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Father:                     Israel Leavitt, 6G Grandfather (bef 23 Apr 1648-26 Dec 1696)
  • Mother:                   Lydia Jackson, 6G Grandmother (19 Nov 1658-19 Dec 1729)
  • Marriage:                 abt 1708
  • Marr Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • 9 Children…
  •                               Sarah (26 Jul 1709-)
  •                               Mary (8 May 1711-13 Feb 1792)
  •                               John (10 Feb 1713-)
  •                               Elydia (6 Jun 1715-23 Feb 1771)
  •                               Soloman (2 Nov 1717-)
  •                               Isaac (18 Mar 1719-)
  •                               Keziah (18 Apr 1721-Apr 1814)
  •                               Hannah (21 Mar 1723-14 Jul 1723)
  •                               Experience (12 Sep 1724-)

Other spouses:          Experience Pierce

(6) 1.1.1b.1.1a.1 Sarah Atwood, GGGG Grandaunt

_____________________________________________________________

  • Birth:                      26 Jul 170921,21
  • Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Father:                     John Atwood, 5G Grandfather (1 May 1684-6 Aug 1754)
  • Mother:                   Sarah Leavitt, 5G Grandmother (8 Feb 1688/89-22 Jan 1725/26)

(6) 1.1.1b.1.1a.2 Mary Atwood, GGGG Grandaunt

_____________________________________________________________

  • Birth:                      8 May 171121,21
  • Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Death:                     13 Feb 1792, age: 80
  • Death Place:             Plymouth  Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Father:                     John Atwood, 5G Grandfather (1 May 1684-6 Aug 1754)
  • Mother:                   Sarah Leavitt, 5G Grandmother (8 Feb 1688/89-22 Jan 1725/26)
  • Spouse:                   Jacob Taylor (abt 1694-)
  • Birth:                      abt 1694
  • Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Marriage:                 14 Jul 1729
  • Marr Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts

1 Child…

                              Sarah (20 Sep 1733-27 Oct 1811)

(7) 1.1.1b.1.1a.2.1 Sarah Taylor, 1C5R

_____________________________________________________________

  • Birth:                      20 Sep 1733
  • Birth Place:              Plymouth, Massachusetts
  • Death:                     27 Oct 1811, age: 78
  • Father:                     Jacob Taylor (abt 1694-)
  • Mother:                   Mary Atwood, GGGG Grandaunt (8 May 1711-13 Feb 1792)
  • Spouse:                   Thomas Jackson, 2C6R (15 Feb 1729-19 Sep 1794)
  • Birth:                      15 Feb 1729
  • Birth Place:              Plymouth, Massachusetts
  • Death:                     19 Sep 1794, age: 65
  • Death Place:             Plymouth, Massachusetts
  • Father:                     Thomas Jackson, 1C7R (1703-10 Jul 1775)
  • Mother:                   Hannah Woodworth (19 Mar 1706-12 Jan 1778)
  • Marriage:                 1751
  • Marr Place:              Plymouth, Massachusetts

12 Children…

  •                               Sarah (22 Apr 1752-)
  •                               Sarah (6 Aug 1753-)
  •                               Hannah (12 Jul 1755-1 Jan 1777)
  •                               Thomas (7 Jul 1757-)
  •                               Lucy (10 Jul 1759-)
  •                               Daniel (24 Aug 1761-)
  •                               William (14 Jul 1763-22 Oct 1836)
  •                               Priscilla (13 Apr 1765-)
  •                               Lydia (8 Apr 1768-29 Mar 1849)
  •                               Charles (1 Mar 1770-8 Aug 1818)
  •                               Rebecca (19 Feb 1772-)
  •                               Woodworth (20 Feb 1774-)

(8) 1.1.1b.1.1a.2.1.1 Sarah Jackson, 2C4R

_____________________________________________________________

Birth:                      22 Apr 1752

Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts

Father:                     Thomas Jackson, 2C6R (15 Feb 1729-19 Sep 1794)

Mother:                   Sarah Taylor, 1C5R (20 Sep 1733-27 Oct 1811)

(8) 1.1.1b.1.1a.2.1.2 Sarah Jackson, 2C4R

_____________________________________________________________

  • Birth:                      6 Aug 1753
  • Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Father:                     Thomas Jackson, 2C6R (15 Feb 1729-19 Sep 1794)
  • Mother:                   Sarah Taylor, 1C5R (20 Sep 1733-27 Oct 1811)

(8) 1.1.1b.1.1a.2.1.3 Hannah Jackson, 2C4R

_____________________________________________________________

  • Birth:                      12 Jul 1755
  • Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Death:                     1 Jan 1777, age: 21
  • Death Place:             Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Father:                     Thomas Jackson, 2C6R (15 Feb 1729-19 Sep 1794)
  • Mother:                   Sarah Taylor, 1C5R (20 Sep 1733-27 Oct 1811)

(8) 1.1.1b.1.1a.2.1.4 Thomas Jackson, 2C4R

_____________________________________________________________

  • Birth:                      7 Jul 1757
  • Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Father:                     Thomas Jackson, 2C6R (15 Feb 1729-19 Sep 1794)
  • Mother:                   Sarah Taylor, 1C5R (20 Sep 1733-27 Oct 1811)

(8) 1.1.1b.1.1a.2.1.5 Lucy Jackson, 2C4R

_____________________________________________________________

  • Birth:                      10 Jul 1759
  • Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Father:                     Thomas Jackson, 2C6R (15 Feb 1729-19 Sep 1794)
  • Mother:                   Sarah Taylor, 1C5R (20 Sep 1733-27 Oct 1811)

(8) 1.1.1b.1.1a.2.1.6 Daniel Jackson, 2C4R

_____________________________________________________________

  • Birth:                      24 Aug 1761
  • Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Father:                     Thomas Jackson, 2C6R (15 Feb 1729-19 Sep 1794)
  • Mother:                   Sarah Taylor, 1C5R (20 Sep 1733-27 Oct 1811)

(8) 1.1.1b.1.1a.2.1.7 William Jackson, 2C4R

_____________________________________________________________

  • Birth:                      14 Jul 1763
  • Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Death:                     22 Oct 1836, age: 73
  • Death Place:             Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Father:                     Thomas Jackson, 2C6R (15 Feb 1729-19 Sep 1794)
  • Mother:                   Sarah Taylor, 1C5R (20 Sep 1733-27 Oct 1811)

(8) 1.1.1b.1.1a.2.1.8 Priscilla Jackson, 2C4R

_____________________________________________________________

(See duplicate branch below)

(8) 1.1.1b.1.1a.2.1.9 Lydia Jackson, 2C4R

_____________________________________________________________

  • Birth:                      8 Apr 1768
  • Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Death:                     29 Mar 1849, age: 80
  • Death Place:             Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Father:                     Thomas Jackson, 2C6R (15 Feb 1729-19 Sep 1794)
  • Mother:                   Sarah Taylor, 1C5R (20 Sep 1733-27 Oct 1811)

(8) 1.1.1b.1.1a.2.1.10 Charles Jackson22,22, 2C4R

_____________________________________________________________

(See duplicate branch below)

(8) 1.1.1b.1.1a.2.1.11 Rebecca Jackson, 2C4R

_____________________________________________________________

  • Birth:                      19 Feb 1772
  • Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Father:                     Thomas Jackson, 2C6R (15 Feb 1729-19 Sep 1794)
  • Mother:                   Sarah Taylor, 1C5R (20 Sep 1733-27 Oct 1811)

(8) 1.1.1b.1.1a.2.1.12 Woodworth Jackson, 2C4R

_____________________________________________________________

  • Birth:                      20 Feb 1774
  • Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Father:                     Thomas Jackson, 2C6R (15 Feb 1729-19 Sep 1794)
  • Mother:                   Sarah Taylor, 1C5R (20 Sep 1733-27 Oct 1811)

(6) 1.1.1b.1.1a.3 John Atwood, GGGG Granduncle

_____________________________________________________________

  • Birth:                      10 Feb 1713
  • Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Father:                     John Atwood, 5G Grandfather (1 May 1684-6 Aug 1754)
  • Mother:                   Sarah Leavitt, 5G Grandmother (8 Feb 1688/89-22 Jan 1725/26)

(6) 1.1.1b.1.1a.4 Elydia Atwood, GGGG Grandaunt

_____________________________________________________________

  • Birth:                      6 Jun 171523,23
  • Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Death:                     23 Feb 1771, age: 5523,23
  • Death Place:             Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Father:                     John Atwood, 5G Grandfather (1 May 1684-6 Aug 1754)
  • Mother:                   Sarah Leavitt, 5G Grandmother (8 Feb 1688/89-22 Jan 1725/26)

(6) 1.1.1b.1.1a.5 Soloman Atwood, GGGG Granduncle

_____________________________________________________________

  • Birth:                      2 Nov 171723,23
  • Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Father:                     John Atwood, 5G Grandfather (1 May 1684-6 Aug 1754)
  • Mother:                   Sarah Leavitt, 5G Grandmother (8 Feb 1688/89-22 Jan 1725/26)

(6) 1.1.1b.1.1a.6 Isaac Atwood, GGGG Granduncle

_____________________________________________________________

  • Birth:                      18 Mar 171924,24
  • Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Father:                     John Atwood, 5G Grandfather (1 May 1684-6 Aug 1754)
  • Mother:                   Sarah Leavitt, 5G Grandmother (8 Feb 1688/89-22 Jan 1725/26)

(6) 1.1.1b.1.1a.7a Keziah Atwood*25,26,23,25,26,23,27,27, GGGG Grandmother

_____________________________________________________________

(See duplicate branch below)

(6) 1.1.1b.1.1a.7b Keziah Atwood* (See above)

_____________________________________________________________

  • Spouse:                   Francis Adams, Step GGGG Grandfather (27 Sep 1711-1752)
  • Birth:                      27 Sep 171128,28
  • Birth Place:              Kingston, Plymouth Township, Massachusetts
  • Death:                     1752, age: 4029,29
  • Death Place:             Jamaica
  • Father:                     Francis Adams Adams Sr. (1677-16 Apr 1758)
  • Mother:                   Mary Buck (26 Jun 1677-1 May 1758)
  • Francis Adams was a mariner and was Captain of a vessel at the time of his death in Jamaica.28
  • Misc. Notes: Francis Adams was a mariner and was Captain of a vessel at the time of his death in Jamaica.
  • Marriage:                 4 Apr 173718,30
  • Marr Place:              Plymouth Township,  Massachusetts
  • Memo:                    marriage application 19 March 1737

6 Children…

  •                               Francis (21 May 1738-23 Jul 1738)
  •                               Samuel (10 Nov 1740-18 Jun 1741)
  •                               Samuel (26 Jun 1742-)
  •                               Lydia (28 Feb 1744-1824)
  •                               Keziah (4 Mar 1746-)
  •                               Francis (26 Nov 1750-)
  • Other spouses:          Captain Nathaniel Little

(7) 1.1.1b.1.1a.7b.1 Francis Adams18,18, Half GGG Granduncle

_____________________________________________________________

  • Birth:                      21 May 173831,31
  • Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Death:                     23 Jul 1738, age: <131,31
  • Death Place:             Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Father:                     Francis Adams, Step GGGG Grandfather (27 Sep 1711-1752)
  • Mother:                   Keziah Atwood, GGGG Grandmother (18 Apr 1721-Apr 1814)

(7) 1.1.1b.1.1a.7b.2 Samuel Adams18,18, Half GGG Granduncle

_____________________________________________________________

  • Birth:                      10 Nov 174031,31
  • Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Death:                     18 Jun 1741, age: <131,31
  • Death Place:             Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Father:                     Francis Adams, Step GGGG Grandfather (27 Sep 1711-1752)
  • Mother:                   Keziah Atwood, GGGG Grandmother (18 Apr 1721-Apr 1814)

(7) 1.1.1b.1.1a.7b.3 Samuel Adams, Half GGG Granduncle

_____________________________________________________________

  • Birth:                      26 Jun 174231,31
  • Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Father:                     Francis Adams, Step GGGG Grandfather (27 Sep 1711-1752)
  • Mother:                   Keziah Atwood, GGGG Grandmother (18 Apr 1721-Apr 1814)

(7) 1.1.1b.1.1a.7b.4 Lydia Adams18,18, Half GGG Grandaunt

_____________________________________________________________

  • Birth:                      28 Feb 174431,31
  • Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Death:                     1824, age: 7931,31
  • Death Place:             Middleboro, Massachusetts
  • Father:                     Francis Adams, Step GGGG Grandfather (27 Sep 1711-1752)
  • Mother:                   Keziah Atwood, GGGG Grandmother (18 Apr 1721-Apr 1814)

(7) 1.1.1b.1.1a.7b.5 Keziah Adams18,18, Half GGG Grandaunt

_____________________________________________________________

  • Birth:                      4 Mar 174631,31
  • Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Father:                     Francis Adams, Step GGGG Grandfather (27 Sep 1711-1752)
  • Mother:                   Keziah Atwood, GGGG Grandmother (18 Apr 1721-Apr 1814)

(7) 1.1.1b.1.1a.7b.6 Francis Adams18,18, Half GGG Granduncle

_____________________________________________________________

  • Birth:                      26 Nov 175031,31
  • Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Father:                     Francis Adams, Step GGGG Grandfather (27 Sep 1711-1752)
  • Mother:                   Keziah Atwood, GGGG Grandmother (18 Apr 1721-Apr 1814)

(6) 1.1.1b.1.1a.8 Hannah Atwood, GGGG Grandaunt

_____________________________________________________________

  • Birth:                      21 Mar 172323,23
  • Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Death:                     14 Jul 1723, age: <123,23
  • Death Place:             Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Father:                     John Atwood, 5G Grandfather (1 May 1684-6 Aug 1754)
  • Mother:                   Sarah Leavitt, 5G Grandmother (8 Feb 1688/89-22 Jan 1725/26)

(6) 1.1.1b.1.1a.9 Experience Atwood, GGGG Grandaunt

_____________________________________________________________

  • Birth:                      12 Sep 172423,23
  • Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Father:                     John Atwood, 5G Grandfather (1 May 1684-6 Aug 1754)
  • Mother:                   Sarah Leavitt, 5G Grandmother (8 Feb 1688/89-22 Jan 1725/26)

(5) 1.1.1b.1.1b John Atwood* (See above)

_____________________________________________________________

  • Spouse:                   Experience Pierce, Step 5G Grandmother
  • Marriage:                 8 Jun 173032
  • 5 Children…
  •                               Experience (4 Apr 1731-)
  •                               Elizabeth (23 Apr 1733-)
  •                               Experience (1 Mar 1735-)
  •                               George (19 Sep 1737-)
  •                               George (26 Feb 1739-)
  • Other spouses:          Sarah Leavitt

(6) 1.1.1b.1.1b.1 Experience Atwood, Half GGGG Grandaunt

_____________________________________________________________

  • Birth:                      4 Apr 173123,23
  • Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Father:                     John Atwood, 5G Grandfather (1 May 1684-6 Aug 1754)
  • Mother:                   Experience Pierce, Step 5G Grandmother

(6) 1.1.1b.1.1b.2 Elizabeth Atwood, Half GGGG Grandaunt

_____________________________________________________________

  • Birth:                      23 Apr 173323,23
  • Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Father:                     John Atwood, 5G Grandfather (1 May 1684-6 Aug 1754)
  • Mother:                   Experience Pierce, Step 5G Grandmother

(6) 1.1.1b.1.1b.3 Experience Atwood, Half GGGG Grandaunt

_____________________________________________________________

  • Birth:                      1 Mar 173523,23
  • Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Father:                     John Atwood, 5G Grandfather (1 May 1684-6 Aug 1754)
  • Mother:                   Experience Pierce, Step 5G Grandmother

(6) 1.1.1b.1.1b.4 George Atwood, Half GGGG Granduncle

_____________________________________________________________

  • Birth:                      19 Sep 173723,23
  • Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Father:                     John Atwood, 5G Grandfather (1 May 1684-6 Aug 1754)
  • Mother:                   Experience Pierce, Step 5G Grandmother

(6) 1.1.1b.1.1b.5 George Atwood, Half GGGG Granduncle

_____________________________________________________________

  • Birth:                      26 Feb 173923,23
  • Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Father:                     John Atwood, 5G Grandfather (1 May 1684-6 Aug 1754)
  • Mother:                   Experience Pierce, Step 5G Grandmother

(5) 1.1.1b.1.2 Elizabeth Atwood32,32, 5G Granduncle

_____________________________________________________________

  • Birth:                      24 Apr 168732,32
  • Father:                     Nathaniel Atwood, 6G Grandfather (25 Feb 1651/52-17 Dec 1724)
  • Mother:                   Mary (Morey) Foster, 6G Grandmother (8 Mar 1653-5 Dec 1736)
  • Spouse:                   Jonathan Shaw
  • Marriage:                 3 Dec 171332

(5) 1.1.1b.1.3 Joanna Atwood32,32, 5G Grandaunt

_____________________________________________________________

  • Birth:                      27 Feb 169032,32
  • Death:                     30 Mar 1690, age: <132,32
  • Father:                     Nathaniel Atwood, 6G Grandfather (25 Feb 1651/52-17 Dec 1724)
  • Mother:                   Mary (Morey) Foster, 6G Grandmother (8 Mar 1653-5 Dec 1736)

(5) 1.1.1b.1.4 Mary Atwood32,32, 5G Grandaunt

_____________________________________________________________

  • Birth:                      26 Apr 169132,32
  • Death:                     26 Apr 1691, age: <132,32
  • Father:                     Nathaniel Atwood, 6G Grandfather (25 Feb 1651/52-17 Dec 1724)
  • Mother:                   Mary (Morey) Foster, 6G Grandmother (8 Mar 1653-5 Dec 1736)

(4) 1.1.1b.2 Benjamin (Morey) Foster12,12, 6G Granduncle

_____________________________________________________________

  • Birth:                      abt 165512,12
  • Father:                     Richard Foster, 7G Grandfather (? -abt 1658)
  • Mother:                   Mary Bartlett, 7G Grandmother (abt 1634-26 Sep 1692)

(2) 1.2 Anna Warren3, 7G Grandmother

_____________________________________________________________

  • Birth:                      abt 161233,33
  • Birth Place:              England
  • Death:                     AFT 19 Feb 1674/75, age: 6233,33
  • Death Place:             Marshfield Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Father:                     Richard Warren, 8G Grandfather (abt 1578-1628)
  • Mother:                   Elizabeth Walker, 8G Grandmother (Feb 1582-2 Oct 1673)

The will of Thomas Little Sr. dated 17 May 1671, exhibited 1 July 1672, names of wife; sons Isacke and Ephraim; younger sons Thomas and Samuel; grandchild John Jones; Sarah Bonney (no relationship stated).  Anna Little, widow, swore to the inventory July1672.33

On 6 June 1672 Anna Little “aged sixty yeares or thereabouts” deposed to the will of Ralph Chapman.  On the same day, Ephraim Little “ageed 22 yeares or therabouts” deposed to the same.33

Misc. Notes: The will of Thomas Little Sr. dated 17 May 1671, exhibited 1 July 1672, names of wife; sons Isacke and Ephraim; younger sons Thomas and Samuel; grandchild John Jones; Sarah Bonney (no relationship stated).  Anna Little, widow, swore to the inventory July1672.

On 6 June 1672 Anna Little “aged sixty yeares or thereabouts” deposed to the will of Ralph Chapman.  On the same day, Ephraim Little “ageed 22 yeares or therabouts” deposed to the same.

Spouse:                   Thomas Little, 7G Grandfather (abt 1612-Mar 1671)

  • Birth:                      abt 16121
  • Birth Place:              unknown
  • Death:                     Mar 1671, age: 5933,33
  • Death Place:             Marshfield Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts
  • Burial:                     12 Mar 167133,33
  • Burial Place:             Marshfield Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts

THOMAS LITTLE

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is marshfield_massachusetts_peregrine_white_e-541x331.jpg
Marshfield – Massachusetts

THOMAS LITTLE1

  • ORIGIN:  Unknown
  • MIGRATION:  1632
  • FIRST RESIDENCE:  Plymouth
  • REMOVES:  Marshfield before 1662

EDUCATION:  Sufficient to fill the office of “Keeper of the Colony of New Plymouth books” [SJC #1960].

OFFICES:  Plymouth grand jury, 8 June 1664 [PCR 4:61].  Marshfield constable, 3 June 1662 [PCR 4:16].  In Plymouth section of 1643 Plymouth Colony list of men able to bear arms [PCR 8:189].

ESTATE:  Assessed 18s. in Plymouth tax lists of 25 March 1633 and 27 March 1634 [PCR 1:11, 28].

On 4 March 1647 five acres of upland meadow in Plymouth “at a brook commonly called the Indian Brook” were granted to Thomas Little “so long as … himself or any of his posterity shall remain within the limits of the township of Plymouth” [PTR 1:23-24, 38].  On 25 December 1655 the town granted to Thomas Clark “five acres of meadow lying in the same meadow with Thomas Little, Tho[mas] Little’s being first laid out according to his grant in the town book” [PTR 1:207].  In 1664 Jonathan Morey expressed a desire “to have the meadow land granted to him that was sometimes Thomas Little’s being upon the Indian Brook beyond Mannomett Ponds” [PTR 1:76].

On 2 August 1652 “Thomas Little sometimes inhabitant of the town of Plymouth” (with the consent of his wife Ann) sold to Richard Foster of Plymouth, planter, “all that his house and land lying and being at the Eelriver in the township of Plymouth aforesaid whereon the said Thomas Little formerly lived” [MD 1:98-99, citing PCLR 2:1:11].

On 3 June 1662, Thomas Little’s rights to a farm he purchased in Marsh~field, formerly belonging to Major William Holmes, were spelled out [PCR 4:16].

On 3 October 1665 Thomas Little, by virtue of land “he surrendered at Manomett Ponds,” and Josias Keane, by virtue of “his great neccesity,”  were allowed to look for land, and if they found it, the court would grant them one hundred acres each [PCR 4:110].  Perhaps they failed to find unclaimed land, for on 3 October 1665 Mrs. Rachel Davenport, as attorney to her husband Mr. Humphrey Davenport and in her own right as heir of Major William Holmes, sued Little and Keane for ú600 for “detaining estate of lands and building on them” [PCR 7:126-27].  On 6 February 1665/6 Mrs. Rachel Davenport and her arbitrator referred the case against Thomas Little to the determination of the court [PCR 4:113] and the court replied 1 May 1666 that Little should pay Davenport £15 [PCR 4:119-20].

On 29 October 1668 the court registered the claim of “Experience Michell, Henery Sampson, Richard Church and Thomas Little” to a parcel of land at Namassakett Pond, and declared that “none shall interpose to deprive them of it until the court purchases it and settles it on them” [PCR 5:5].

In his will, dated 17 May 1671 and proved 1 July 1672, Thomas Little Sr. bequeathed to “my loving wife all my housing and all my land, upland and meadow on that side of the brook I now dwell, except only the meadow I purchased of Thomas Tildin and Morris Trewant”; to “my sons Isacke and Ephraim the land on the other side of the brook”; “and all my land at Namassakett upland and meadow to my two younger sons Thomas and Samuell, except only one single share of upland I purchased of Jacob Mitchell which I bequeath to my grandchild John Jones except I do better provide for him”; to “my son Ephraim one feather bed with all meet furniture … to be disposed to the said Ephraim at the time of his marriage”; to “Thomas and Samuel either of them a featherbed”; “my whole stock of cattle of all sorts … equally divided amongst all my children”; residue to “my wife”; “my two eldest sons Isacke and Ephraim shall disburse out of their own estates, either of them ú10 to help Thomas and Samuell in their buildings at Namassakett when they shall have occasion”; “and if I should sell my single share of land at Namassakett it is my will that my grandchild John Jones shall have forty acres of land out of the land of Thomas and Samuell and at my wife’s decease Ephraim shall enjoy my housing, but the upland and meadow on that side to be equally divided between Isacke and Ephraim”; “Sarah Bonney shall have convenient apparel and a cow at the time of her departure out of her service” [MD 4:162-63, citing PCPR 3:1:46].

On 14 August 1672, administration of the estate of Thomas Little of Marshfield was granted to Anna Little his widow [PCR 5:101].

The inventory of Thomas Little was taken at Marshfield 4 April 1672 and was untotalled, with no real estate included [MD 4:163, citing PCPR 3:1:47].

BIRTH:  By about 1608 based on date of marriage.

DEATH:  Buried Marshfield 12 March 1671[/2] [NEHGR 8:191; MarVR 427].

MARRIAGE:  Plymouth 19 April 1633 Ann Warren [PCR 1:13], born about 1612 (deposed aged “sixty years or thereabouts” [MD 2:178]), daughter of RICHARD WARREN.  She died after 19 February 1675/6 (named in son Thomas’s will of that date [MD 4:164, citing PCPR 3:1:165]).

CHILDREN:

i) ABIGAIL, b. say 1635; m. by about 1656 as his first wife Josiah Keene (only surviving child, son Josiah,  m. about 1681 [MFIP Warren 17-18, 63]; “my grandfather Josiah Keen married with Abigil Lettle”  [MD 28:5, citing Hezekiah Keene’s account book]).

ii) PATIENCE, b. say 1637; m. Weymouth 11 November 1657 Joseph Jones (Thomas Little bequeathed to “grandson John Jones”).

iii) RUTH, b. say 1639; d. after 19 February 1675/6 (named in brother Thomas’s will of that date [MD 4:164, citing PCPR 3:1:165]); apparently unm.

iv) HANNAH, b. say 1641; m. Scituate 25 January 1661[/2] Stephen Tilden [PCR 8:29].

v) MERCY, b. say 1645; m. Marshfield last of November 1666 John Sawyer [MarVR 5].  He m. (2) Marshfield 23 [blank] 1694 Rebecca (Barker) Snow, daughter of ROBERT BARKER and widow of Josiah Snow [MarVR 19].

vi)ISAAC, b. about 1646 (d. Marshfield 24 November 1699 aged about 53 years [MarVR 388]); m. by 1674 Bethia Thomas, daughter of Nathaniel and Mary (_____) Thomas (child b. Marshfield 27 November 1683 [MarVR 14]); on 1 March 1674/5 Isaac Little consented to the settlement of the estate of Nathaniel Thomas [PCR 5:158-59]).

vii) EPHRAIM, b. Plymouth 17 May 1650 [PCR 8:10]; m. Scituate 22 November 1672 Mary Sturtevant, daughter of Samuel Sturtevant.

viii) THOMAS, b. say 1654; d. Pawtucket 26 March 1676 in King Philip’s War [TAG 60:240].

ix) SAMUEL, b. about 1656 (deposed 18 March 1689/90 aged “thirty three years or thereabouts” [MD 2:248]); m. Marshfield 18 May 1682 Sarah Gray, daughter of Edward Gray [MarVR 19].

COMMENTS:   Thomas Little is included in a list of those attending town meeting in Plymouth about 1646 [PTR 1:22].  On 26 October 1647, Thomas Little of “the Yele [Eel] River” acknowledged a £20 debt to the court and king [PCR 2:120].

Thomas Little seems to have been absent from Plymouth, and from Plymouth Colony, from about 1652 to 1662.  In his deed of 2 August 1652 he tells us he no longer resides in Plymouth, but does not tell us where he does live.  The Weymouth vital records call Patience Little the daughter of Thomas Little of Cambridge at her marriage to Joseph Jones in 1657, but Thomas Little does not appear in published Cambridge records.

On 7 February 1664/5 William Shurtliff sued Thomas Little for carrying off trees Shurtliff had felled and squared.  Major Alden and Joseph Beedle were to settle the bounds and Little to return the trees, but final judgment to await the return of the bounds [PCR 4:79].  On 9 June 1665 Thomas Little was fined £1.10s “for disclosing grand jury proceedings” [PCR 4:101, 8:114, 116].

On 7 March 1664/5 sometime constable William Holmes successfully sued Thomas Little for £5 in damages for misleading Holmes into unjustly attaching the belongings of Nathaniel Winslow [PCR 7:122-23].1

____________________________________________________________________________

Research: The “Little Compton (Rhode Island) Families” by Benjamin F. Wilbour (1967) states that Thomas Little was a lawyer and “The old homestead is in Littleton and is owned by Luther Little in Sea View, Massachusetts, formerly known as Littleton.” 

(Among the children of Thomas and Elizabeth Little born in Plymouth was Ephraim who married Mary Sturtevant.  The descendents of Ephraim lived in Little Compton and among these was Henry Tew Little (1850-1934) who grew up in Little Compton working in his father’s tiny newspaper, “The Village Bell” (and who later) went on to found the Little Brown Publishing Company.36

Misc. Notes: Thomas Little first appears in Plymouth records on the 1633 tax list.  On 19 April 1633 he married Ann Warren, daughter of Mayflower passenger Richard Warren and his wife Elizabeth.

On 7 October 1633 Little sold his dwelling house to Richard Higgins for twenty-one bushels of corn.

On 28 May 1635 he made a gift of land to his brother-in-law Robert Bartlett.

On 12 March 1638/39 William Taylor (son of William Taylor of Boddington, County Cornwall, carpenter) transferred his indenture with the consent of all from Mr. John Atwood to Thomas Little.

Little moved to Marshfield, where he became constable on 3 June 1662.

He bought farm land in Marshfield which had belonged to Maj. William Holmes, deceased, and on 3 June 1662 the court ordered that in view of his many improvements of the land, if anyone should show better title in the future, such person would have to pay him fully for his improvements.

On 9 June 1665 he was fined £1/10 for not keeping secret the proceedings of the grand jury, of which he was a member.

When he refused to pay rents claimed by Mrs. Rachel Davenport for the land of the late William Holmes, the court on 1 May 1666 awarded her £15, which, because of his improvements, was less than she had claimed.

On 14 August 1672 administration of the estate of Thomas Little of Marshfield was given to his widow, Anna Little.  His will dated 12 May 1671, inventory 4 April 1672, mentioned his wife; his sons Isaac, Ephraim, Thomas and Samuel; his grandson John Jones; and his servant Sarah Bonney.

His son Thomas (Jr.) died in King Philip’s War at Rehoboth, and in his will we learn that his father Thomas (Sr.) also had daughters Ruth, Hannah, Patience, and Mercy.  The younger Thomas (Jr.) died without having married.  The senior Thomas Little (Sr.) also had a daughter Abigail, who married Josiah Keene and predeceased her father.

Excerpt taken from:

Plymouth Colony: Its History & People 1620-1691 by Eugene Aubrey Stratton, Former Historian General General Society of Mayflower Descendants ISBN 0-916489-18-3

____________________________________________________________________________

Research: The “Little Compton (Rhode Island) Families” by Benjamin F. Wilbour (1967) states that Thomas Little was a lawyer and “The old homestead is in Littleton and is owned by Luther Little in Sea View, Massachusetts, formerly known as Littleton.” 

(Among the children of Thomas and Elizabeth Little born in Plymouth was Ephraim who married Mary Sturtevant.  The descendents of Ephraim lived in Little Compton and among these was Henry Tew Little (1850-1934) who grew up in Little Compton working in his father’s tiny newspaper, “The Village Bell” (and who later) went on to found the Little Brown Publishing Company.

Marriage:                 19 Apr 163333

Marr Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts

9 Children…

                              Abigail (abt 1635-bef 1660)

                              Ruth (abt 1636-aft 19 Feb 1676)

                              Hannah (abt 1637-)

                              Patience (abt 1639-)

                              Mercy (abt 1645-)

                              Lt. Isaac (abt 1646-24 Nov 1699)

                              Ephraim (17 May 1650-24 Nov 1717)

                              Thomas (bef 19 Feb 1655-2 Mar 1676)

                              Samuel (abt 1656-)

(3) 1.2.1 Abigail Little37,37, 6G Grandaunt

_____________________________________________________________

Birth:                      abt 163537,37

Death:                     bef 1660, age: 2537,37

Death Place:             Marshfield Township, Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts

Father:                     Thomas Little, 7G Grandfather (abt 1612-Mar 1671)

Mother:                   Anna Warren, 7G Grandmother (abt 1612-AFT 19 Feb 1674/75)

She married about 1654-1658 Josiah Keene.37

Spouse:                   Josiah Keene (? -bef 15 Sep 1710)

Birth:                      ? 37,37

Birth Place:              London, England

Death:                     bef 15 Sep 171037,37

Death Place:             Duxbury, Massachusetts

Josiah Keene arrived on the “Confidence” in 1634 iwth ofher Keenes including Martha, age 60, who most likely was his mother.38

After the death of Abigail (Little) Keene, his first wife, Josiah married  Hannah Dingley about 1660 by whom he had John, Matthew, Ephraim, Hannah, Elizabeth, Abigail and Sarah.37

Hezekiah Keen’s account book says, “My great grandfather & grat grndmother Came to Boston in New england & from thence to Hengham & from there to Meshfeld and there my grandfather Josiah Keen mared with Abigil Lettle who he had my father Josiah Keen by & one Dafter Who Died young and my grnadmother Dyed allso & Left only my father Josiah Keen who mared with Ledia Baker and theay had Eleven children…”38

On 3 Oct. 1665 Thomas Little and Josias Keene were sued for detaining the estate of Major William Holmes.   On the same date Thomas Little and Josias Keane were granted 100 acres each.  Of Josiah, it says “in respect unto his great nessesitie.”38

Marriage:                 abt 165637

Marr Place:              prob. Marshfield Township, Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts

1 Child…

                              Josiah (abt 1658-between 2 Feb 1728 and 23 Dec 1732)

(4) 1.2.1.1 Josiah Keene39,39, 1C7R

_____________________________________________________________

Birth:                      abt 1658

Birth Place:              prob. Marshfield Township, Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts

Death:                     between 2 Feb 1728 and 23 Dec 1732, age: 70

Death Place:             prob. Pembroke, Massachusetts

Father:                     Josiah Keene (? -bef 15 Sep 1710)

Mother:                   Abigail Little, 6G Grandaunt (abt 1635-bef 1660)

Hezekiah Keen’s account book says, “My great grandfather & grat grandmother Came to Boston in New england & from thence to Hengham & from there to Meshfeld and there my grandfather Josiah Keen mared with Abigil Lettle who he had my father Josiah Keen by & one Dafter Who Died young and my grnadmother Dyed allso & Left only my father Josiah Keen who mared with Ledia Baker and theay had Eleven children…”38

Spouse:                   Lydia Baker (18 Feb 1659-aft 10 Jan 1732)

Birth:                      18 Feb 1659

Birth Place:              Marshfield Township, Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts

Death:                     aft 10 Jan 1732, age: 72

Death Place:             prob. Pembroke, Massachusetts

Marriage:                 abt 168139

Marr Place:              Marshfield Township, Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts

1 Child…

                              Hezekiah (6 Aug 1702-)

(5) 1.2.1.1.1 Hezekiah Keene, 2C6R

_____________________________________________________________

Birth:                      6 Aug 1702

Father:                     Josiah Keene, 1C7R (abt 1658-between 2 Feb 1728 and 23 Dec 1732)

Mother:                   Lydia Baker (18 Feb 1659-aft 10 Jan 1732)

Hezekiah Keen’s account book says, “My great grandfather & grat grndmother Came to Boston in New england & from thence to Hengham & from there to Meshfeld and there my grandfather Josiah Keen mared with Abigil Lettle who he had my father Josiah Keen by & one Dafter Who Died young and my grnadmother Dyed allso & Left only my father Josiah Keen who mared with Ledia Baker and theay had Eleven children…”38

(3) 1.2.2 Ruth Little, 6G Grandaunt

_____________________________________________________________

Birth:                      abt 1636

Death:                     aft 19 Feb 1676, age: 40

Father:                     Thomas Little, 7G Grandfather (abt 1612-Mar 1671)

Mother:                   Anna Warren, 7G Grandmother (abt 1612-AFT 19 Feb 1674/75)

(3) 1.2.3 Hannah Little, 6G Grandaunt

_____________________________________________________________

Birth:                      abt 1637

Father:                     Thomas Little, 7G Grandfather (abt 1612-Mar 1671)

Mother:                   Anna Warren, 7G Grandmother (abt 1612-AFT 19 Feb 1674/75)

(3) 1.2.4 Patience Little, 6G Grandaunt

_____________________________________________________________

Birth:                      abt 1639

Father:                     Thomas Little, 7G Grandfather (abt 1612-Mar 1671)

Mother:                   Anna Warren, 7G Grandmother (abt 1612-AFT 19 Feb 1674/75)

(3) 1.2.5 Mercy Little, 6G Grandaunt

_____________________________________________________________

Birth:                      abt 1645

Father:                     Thomas Little, 7G Grandfather (abt 1612-Mar 1671)

Mother:                   Anna Warren, 7G Grandmother (abt 1612-AFT 19 Feb 1674/75)

(3) 1.2.6 Lt. Isaac Little40,40, 6G Grandfather

_____________________________________________________________

Birth:                      abt 164641,41

Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts

Death:                     24 Nov 1699, age: 5341,41

Death Place:             Marshfield Township, Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts

Father:                     Thomas Little, 7G Grandfather (abt 1612-Mar 1671)

Mother:                   Anna Warren, 7G Grandmother (abt 1612-AFT 19 Feb 1674/75)

The 1 March 1675 Will administration of the estate of Captain Nathaniel Thomas mentions agreement of William Thomas, Nathaniel Thamas Jr. and Isaac Little that the estate shall be at the sole dispose of the widow Mary Thomas.

On 24 March 1700 Thomas, Isaac, Charles, Nathaniel, William, Lemuel, Abigail and Bethiah the children of Mr. Isaac and Bethia Little were baptised at Marshfield.

Lt. Issac Little of Marshfield made a nuncupatived will 18 Nov. 1699, but it was not approved by the probate court and was not recoreded. It named eldest son Thomas; sons Isaac, Charles, Nathaniel and William;  youngest son Lemuel; two daughters (not named); wife; brother (in-law) Nathaniel Thomas and brother Ephraim overseers.

On 29 March 1712, Thomas, Isaac, Charles, Nathaniel, William, Lemuel, Abigail and Bethia Little with the consent of mother mrs. behiah Little settled the estate.  On 3 April 1712, thomas Barker and Bethia his wife affirmed the settlement.

On 8 Sept. 1718, Bethiah Little late of  Marshfield and now of Pembroke gae to daughters Abigail little and Bethiah Barker and the wife of Thomas Barker of Pembroke her right to the personal estate of her brother William Thomas late of Marshfield deceased plus part of William’s real estate in Pembroke and Marshfield.

On 26 Sept. 1721 John Arbuthnot of Boston and Abigail his wife and Thomas Barker of Pembroke and Behiah his wife sold the above lands.40

Misc. Notes: The 1 March 1675 Will administration of the estate of Captain Nathaniel Thomas mentions agreement of William Thomas, Nathaniel Thamas Jr. and Isaac Little that the estate shall be at the sole dispose of the widow Mary Thomas.

On 24 March 1700 Thomas, Isaac, Charles, Nathaniel, William, Lemuel, Abigail and Bethiah the children of Mr. Isaac and Bethia Little were baptised at Marshfield.

Lt. Issac Little of Marshfield made a nuncupatived will 18 Nov. 1699, but it was not approved by the probate court and was not recoreded. It named eldest son Thomas; sons Isaac, Charles, Nathaniel and William;  youngest son Lemuel; two daughters (not named); wife; brother (in-law) Nathaniel Thomas and brother Ephraim overseers.

On 29 March 1712, Thomas, Isaac, Charles, Nathaniel, William, Lemuel, Abigail and Bethia Little with the consent of mother mrs. behiah Little settled the estate.  On 3 April 1712, thomas Barker and Bethia his wife affirmed the settlement.

On 8 Sept. 1718, Bethiah Little late of  Marshfield and now of Pembroke gae to daughters Abigail little and Bethiah Barker and the wife of Thomas Barker of Pembroke her right to the personal estate of her brother William Thomas late of Marshfield deceased plus part of William’s real estate in Pembroke and Marshfield.

On 26 Sept. 1721 John Arbuthnot of Boston and Abigail his wife and Thomas Barker of Pembroke and Behiah his wife sold the above lands.

Spouse:                   Bethiah Thomas, 6G Grandmother (abt 1650-23 Sep 1718)

Birth:                      abt 1650

Birth Place:              prob. Marshfield Township, Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts

Memo:                    based on marriage and death

Death:                     23 Sep 1718, age: 6840,40

Death Place:             Pembroke, Plymouth Township, Massachusetts

Father:                     Captain Nathaniel Thomas, 7G Grandfather (1606-13 Feb 1673/74)

Mother:                   Mary Thomas, 7G Grandmother (1614-)

Marriage:                 abt 167340

Marr Place:              prob. Marshfield Township, Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts

11 Children…

                              Dr. Thomas (15 Dec 1674-22 Dec 1712)

                              Dorothy (11 Aug 1676-Feb 1677)

                              Isaac (21 Feb 1677/78-2 Feb 1758)

                              Bethiah (9 Dec 1681-died young)

                              Charles (15 Oct 1685-25 Apr 1756)

                              Bethia (abt 1687-1689)

                              Abigail (abt 1687-)

                              Nathaniel (12 Apr 1690-bef 25 Jun 1715)

                              William (27 Feb 1692-bef Dec 1734)

                              Bethia (abt 1693-9 Oct 1751)

                              Lemuel (Mar 1700-21 Mar 1723)

(4) 1.2.6.1a Dr. Thomas Little*, 5G Granduncle

_____________________________________________________________

Birth:                      15 Dec 167442,42

Birth Place:              Marshfield, Plymouth County, Massachusetts

Death:                     22 Dec 1712, age: 3843,43

Death Place:             Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts

Burial:                     Dec 171244,44

Burial Place:             Burial Hill, Plymouth, Massachusetts

Memo:                    Tombstone reads “Mr. Thomas LITTLE, died Dec. 22, 1712, aged 38 years.  Physic and Chyrurgery”  (Physician and Surgeon)

Father:                     Lt. Isaac Little, 6G Grandfather (abt 1646-24 Nov 1699)

Mother:                   Bethiah Thomas, 6G Grandmother (abt 1650-23 Sep 1718)

Thomas Little

(Harvard, 1695)

Thomas Little, physician and merchant, was born December 15, 1674, the son of Lieutenant Isaac and Bethiah (Thomas) Little of Marshfield. His father was a member of the Plymouth Colony council of war and a delegate to the General Court. Thomas was a normally troublesome and inconspicuous undergraduate, and never took a second degree.

He married Mary, daughter of the Reverend Thomas and Jane (Paine) Mayhew, at Marshfield, December 5, 1698. Isaac Little died in the following year, providing in his will that his estate should be divided into three parts of which Thomas, as the eldest son, should have first choice. According to the agreement of the heirs,

Thomas Little the Eldest Son Shall have all those housing lands and meadows . . . that were our fathers . . . in Marshfild . . . which he the said Thomas hath already Sold. . . . And whereas the said Thomas Little by This division of our fathers Estate hath only one Single Share Thereof if it Shall herafter happen that Any of the said children Who are now within Age Shall disturb or break this Aforesaid Settlement or refuse as they come respectively of Age to ratify and Confirm the Same That then the said Thomas Little Shall have the proportion of a double portion out of their or Any of their parts that Shall break this Settlement.1

Thomas had probably sold this property because of his intention to move to Plymouth, where he was settled as a physician in 1700, and where he was a proprietor the following year. He invested heavily in real estate, and at one time or another owned much of the property in the center of the town. As early as 1702 he was Clerk of the Inferior Court and Register of Deeds for Plymouth, and seven years later he was chosen ‘hog constable.’ There is little record of his medical practice other than that he petitioned the General Court for a fee of 5l 10s for curing an Indian soldier of “an Imposthume in his Arm” — a very large bill for the times.2 He seems to have been a merchant as well. It is interesting that he never joined the church presided over by his cousin and classmate Ephraim Little.

Either Thomas or Ephraim Little, apparently the former, had an Indian girl, Mehetabel, who was indicted and convicted at the Plymouth assizes of March, 1712, for feloniously burning her master’s dwelling. Mr. Little, although “in doubtfull circumstances by reason of the Gout and sickness of which was scarsely recover’d,” appeared to plead “that she was under the Age of Sixteen years, and therefore not within our Act” with its terrible penalty.3

Thomas Little died at Plymouth December 22, 1712, and was put to rest on Burial Hill, where his stone may still be seen. He had five children:

(1) Thomas, b. Marshfield, Sept. 20, 1701; m. Lucy Mayhew at Chilmark Nov. 13, 1733; d. on Marthas Vineyard Mar. 30, 1744. (2) Isaac, b. Plymouth May 18, 1704; d. at Plympton in June, 1755. (3) Mayhew, b. Feb. 6, 1706/7; d. at “Jemaco” June 22, 1735. (4) Mary, b. July 26, 1709; m. Jonathan Bryant; d. Mar. 1, 1755. (5) George, b. Apr. 11, 1712; lost at sea in the fall of 1729.

Works

The first part of “The Counties Book of Comon Pleas began June 1702: per. Thomas Little register” is in his hand.

1. Mayflower Descendant, XXIV, 1-6.

2. Acts and Resolves of Province of Massachusetts Bay, IX, 551.

3. Samuel Sewall, Diary, III, 340; Letter-Book, I, 423, 424.

Sibley’s Harvard Graduates, 4:252-253.

Spouse:                   Mary Mayhew (25 May 1680-)

Birth:                      25 May 168042,42

Birth Place:              Edgartown, Martha’s Vineyard, Massachusetts

Marriage:                 5 Dec 169842

Marr Place:              Marshfield, Plymouth County, Massachusetts

5 Children…

                              Thomas (20 Sep 1701-30 Mar 1744)

                              Isaac (18 May 1704-)

                              Mayhew (6 Feb 1706-10 Mar 1736)

                              Mary (26 Jul 1709-1 Mar 1755)

                              George (11 Apr 1712-1729)

Other spouses:          Jedidiah Lothrop

(5) 1.2.6.1a.1a Thomas Little*, 1C6R

_____________________________________________________________

Birth:                      20 Sep 170145,45

Birth Place:              Marshfield, Plymouth County, Massachusetts

Death:                     30 Mar 1744, age: 4245,45

Death Place:             Chilmark, Martha’s Vineyard, Massachusetts

Father:                     Dr. Thomas Little, 5G Granduncle (15 Dec 1674-22 Dec 1712)

Mother:                   Mary Mayhew (25 May 1680-)

Spouse:                   Jedidiah Lathrop (-19 Aug 1730)

Death:                     19 Aug 173046,46

Death Place:             Chilmark, Martha’s Vineyard, Massachusetts

Marriage:                 bef Dec 172546

Marr Place:              Chilmark, Martha’s Vineyard, Massachusetts

Memo:                    based on birth of first child

2 Children…

                              Mary (Aug 1726-25 Jan 1727)

                              Mary (8 Mar 1728-)

Other spouses:          Lucy Mayhew

(6) 1.2.6.1a.1a.1 Mary Little, 2C5R

_____________________________________________________________

Birth:                      Aug 172647,47

Birth Place:              Edgartown, Martha’s Vineyard, Massachusetts

Death:                     25 Jan 1727, age: <147,47

Death Place:             Edgartown, Martha’s Vineyard, Massachusetts

Father:                     Thomas Little, 1C6R (20 Sep 1701-30 Mar 1744)

Mother:                   Jedidiah Lathrop (-19 Aug 1730)

(6) 1.2.6.1a.1a.2 Mary Little, 2C5R

_____________________________________________________________

Birth:                      8 Mar 172847,47

Birth Place:              Edgartown, Martha’s Vineyard, Massachusetts

Father:                     Thomas Little, 1C6R (20 Sep 1701-30 Mar 1744)

Mother:                   Jedidiah Lathrop (-19 Aug 1730)

(5) 1.2.6.1a.1b Thomas Little* (See above)

_____________________________________________________________

Spouse:                   Lucy Mayhew (4 Jul 1716-)

Birth:                      4 Jul 171645,45

Birth Place:              Chilmark, Martha’s Vineyard, Massachusetts

Marriage:                 13 Dec 173345

Marr Place:              Chilmark, Martha’s Vineyard, Massachusetts

2 Children…

                              Thomas (22 Jul 1731-)

                              William (abt 1734-)

Other spouses:          Jedidiah Lathrop

(6) 1.2.6.1a.1b.1 Thomas Little, 2C5R

_____________________________________________________________

Birth:                      22 Jul 173147,47

Birth Place:              Chilmark, Martha’s Vineyard, Massachusetts

Father:                     Thomas Little, 1C6R (20 Sep 1701-30 Mar 1744)

Mother:                   Lucy Mayhew (4 Jul 1716-)

(6) 1.2.6.1a.1b.2 William Little, 2C5R

_____________________________________________________________

Birth:                      abt 173447,47

Birth Place:              Chilmark, Martha’s Vineyard, Massachusetts

Father:                     Thomas Little, 1C6R (20 Sep 1701-30 Mar 1744)

Mother:                   Lucy Mayhew (4 Jul 1716-)

(5) 1.2.6.1a.2a Isaac Little*, 1C6R

_____________________________________________________________

Birth:                      18 May 170448,48

Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts

Father:                     Dr. Thomas Little, 5G Granduncle (15 Dec 1674-22 Dec 1712)

Mother:                   Mary Mayhew (25 May 1680-)

Spouse:                   Sarah Church (4 Aug 1706-)

Birth:                      4 Aug 170647,47

Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts

Marriage:                 1 Dec 172647

Marr Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts

3 Children…

                              Joseph (16 Jan 1728-)

                              George (19 Jun 1730-)

                              Sarah (8 Nov 1732-)

Other spouses:          Hannah Soule

(6) 1.2.6.1a.2a.1 Joseph Little, 2C5R

_____________________________________________________________

Birth:                      16 Jan 172847,47

Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts

Memo:                    not in father’s will

Father:                     Isaac Little, 1C6R (18 May 1704-)

Mother:                   Sarah Church (4 Aug 1706-)

(6) 1.2.6.1a.2a.2 George Little, 2C5R

_____________________________________________________________

Birth:                      19 Jun 173047,47

Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts

Father:                     Isaac Little, 1C6R (18 May 1704-)

Mother:                   Sarah Church (4 Aug 1706-)

(6) 1.2.6.1a.2a.3 Sarah Little, 2C5R

_____________________________________________________________

Birth:                      8 Nov 173247,47

Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts

Father:                     Isaac Little, 1C6R (18 May 1704-)

Mother:                   Sarah Church (4 Aug 1706-)

(5) 1.2.6.1a.2b Isaac Little* (See above)

_____________________________________________________________

Spouse:                   Hannah Soule (30 Sep 1709-3 Oct 1788)

Birth:                      30 Sep 170947,47

Birth Place:              Bridgewater, Massachusetts

Death:                     3 Oct 1788, age: 7947,47

Death Place:             Plympton, Plymouth County, Massachusetts

Marriage:                 10 Jan 175447

Marr Place:              Plympton, Plymouth County, Massachusetts

Other spouses:          Sarah Church

(5) 1.2.6.1a.3 Mayhew Little, 1C6R

_____________________________________________________________

Birth:                      6 Feb 170648,48

Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts

Death:                     10 Mar 1736, age: 3048,48

Death Place:             Jamaica West Indies

Father:                     Dr. Thomas Little, 5G Granduncle (15 Dec 1674-22 Dec 1712)

Mother:                   Mary Mayhew (25 May 1680-)

(5) 1.2.6.1a.4 Mary Little, 1C6R

_____________________________________________________________

Birth:                      26 Jul 170948,48

Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts

Death:                     1 Mar 1755, age: 4548,48

Death Place:             Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts

Father:                     Dr. Thomas Little, 5G Granduncle (15 Dec 1674-22 Dec 1712)

Mother:                   Mary Mayhew (25 May 1680-)

(5) 1.2.6.1a.5 George Little, 1C6R

_____________________________________________________________

Birth:                      11 Apr 171248,48

Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts

Death:                     1729, age: 1648,48

Death Place:             lost at sea in the fall of 1729

Father:                     Dr. Thomas Little, 5G Granduncle (15 Dec 1674-22 Dec 1712)

Mother:                   Mary Mayhew (25 May 1680-)

(4) 1.2.6.1b Dr. Thomas Little* (See above)

_____________________________________________________________

Spouse:                   Jedidiah Lothrop (-19 Aug 1744)

Death:                     19 Aug 174445,45

Death Place:             Chilmark, Martha’s Vineyard, Massachusetts

Other spouses:          Mary Mayhew

(4) 1.2.6.2 Dorothy Little, 5G Grandaunt

_____________________________________________________________

Birth:                      11 Aug 167649,49

Birth Place:              Marshfield, Plymouth County, Massachusetts

Death:                     Feb 1677, age: <149,49

Death Place:             Marshfield, Plymouth County, Massachusetts

Father:                     Lt. Isaac Little, 6G Grandfather (abt 1646-24 Nov 1699)

Mother:                   Bethiah Thomas, 6G Grandmother (abt 1650-23 Sep 1718)

(4) 1.2.6.3a Isaac Little*3, 5G Grandfather

_____________________________________________________________

Birth:                      21 Feb 1677/7850,50

Birth Place:              Marshfield Township, Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts

Death:                     2 Feb 1758, age: 8050,50

Death Place:             Pembroke, Plymouth Township, Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts

Father:                     Lt. Isaac Little, 6G Grandfather (abt 1646-24 Nov 1699)

Mother:                   Bethiah Thomas, 6G Grandmother (abt 1650-23 Sep 1718)

The Will of Isaac Little of Pembroke, dated 15 Aug. 1751, proved 3 April 1758, names wife Abigail; daughter Mrecy under 18; sons Otis, Nathaniel, Isaac and Lemuel; daughter Mary Winslow.

On 3 April 1758 Abigail Little, widow, was appointed guardian of Lemuel and Mercy Little.

On 29 Oct. 1764 Abigail Little of Pembroke, widow of Isaac Little, dec. and guardian of her son Lemuel Little, a minor, sold lands of late Isaac Little.

On 20 March 1780, sowrn 10 April 1780, Lemuel Little of Pembroke, yeoman, and Abigail Little, widow, sold lands to Thomas Hobart.50

Misc. Notes: The Will of Isaac Little of Pembroke, dated 15 Aug. 1751, proved 3 April 1758, names wife Abigail; daughter Mrecy under 18; sons Otis, Nathaniel, Isaac and Lemuel; daughter Mary Winslow.

On 3 April 1758 Abigail Little, widow, was appointed guardian of Lemuel and Mercy Little.

On 29 Oct. 1764 Abigail Little of Pembroke, widow of Isaac Little, dec. and guardian of her son Lemuel Little, a minor, sold lands of late Isaac Little.

On 20 March 1780, sowrn 10 April 1780, Lemuel Little of Pembroke, yeoman, and Abigail Little, widow, sold lands to Thomas Hobart.

Spouse:                   Mary Otis, 5G Grandmother (10 Dec 1685-bef 29 Nov 1732)

Birth:                      10 Dec 168550,50

Birth Place:              Hingham Township, Suffolk County, Massachusetts

Death:                     bef 29 Nov 1732, age: 4650,50

Death Place:             unknown

Father:                     John Otis, 6G Grandfather (21 Nov 1657-23 Sep 1727)

Mother:                   Mercy Bacon, 6G Grandmother (28 Feb 1658/59-10 Dec 1737)

Research: Isaac remarried Nov. 29, 1732 to Abigail (Cushing) Thomas so Mary Otis must have died between 1722 -1732.

Marriage:                 abt 170350

Marr Place:              Marshfield Township, Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts

Memo:                    Mary Otis died between 1722 -1732

5 Children…

                              Mary (9 Sep 1704-bef 5 Dec 1772)

                              Isaac (3 Apr 1710-died young)

                              Otis (3 Apr 1711-)

                              Mercy (28 Apr 1716-13 Jul 1723)

                              Captain Nathaniel (20 Aug 1722-aft 3 Apr 1795)

Other spouses:          Abigail (Cushing) Thomas

(5) 1.2.6.3a.1 Mary Little, GGGG Grandaunt

_____________________________________________________________

Birth:                      9 Sep 170451,51

Birth Place:              Marshfield, Plymouth County, Massachusetts

Death:                     bef 5 Dec 1772, age: 6847,47

Death Place:             Marshfield, Plymouth County, Massachusetts

Father:                     Isaac Little, 5G Grandfather (21 Feb 1677/78-2 Feb 1758)

Mother:                   Mary Otis, 5G Grandmother (10 Dec 1685-bef 29 Nov 1732)

General John Winslow

General John Winslow

Spouse:                   General John Winslow, 3C6R (27 Mar 1702-17 Apr 1774)

Birth:                      27 Mar 170247,47

Birth Place:              Marshfield, Plymouth County, Massachusetts

Death:                     17 Apr 1774, age: 7247,47

Death Place:             Hingham Township, Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts

Father:                     Isaac Winslow, 2C7R (1671-7 Dec 1738)

Mother:                   Sarah Wensley (-1753)

GEN. JOHN WINSLOW

FOURTH GENERATION

GEN. JOHN WINSLOW

John Winslow, son of Isaac Winslow, and his wife, Sarah Winslow, was horn in Marshfield, May 10, 1703, and married Mary Little in 1725, daughter of Capt. Isaac Little of Pembroke, Mass.

His portrait in the Winslow collection was painted by *John Singleton Copley, and is, with others, in the rooms of the Mass. Hist. Society.

Gen. John Winslow was a distinguished and successful Commander in 1740. He commanded a company in the expedition against Cuba, and afterwards rose to the rank of Major General in the British service.

**”In 1755, an expedition was undertaken against Nova Scotia by the British Government. The boundaries were unsettled, the English claiming the St. Lawrence, the French restricting them to the Peninsula of Arcadia.

“The French forts were captured by the English, and the whole Province reduced. He conducted the campaign with great skill. To him was also entrusted the diflRcult and ungrateful task of removing the French neutrals, who were all expelled from Nova Scotia.

“The reason of removing these French people was this. At the recovei’y of Annapolis from the French, the inhabitants were tolerated to continue there, by taking the oath of allegiance to Great Britain, so long as they did not assist the French against the English ; but they soon violated and denounced their oath, and assisted the other French and Indians, in their interest against the English in a treacherous manner; therefore they were expelled and dispossessed and proceeded against as enemies.

“A portion of the inhabitants assembled in the church at Grand Pre, on the 5th of September at 3 o’clock P. M. Col. Winslow tlius addressed them :

* John Singleton Copley attained an eminence as a portrait painter in America, belonging to the descendants of those for whom they were painted. He married Miss Susan Clark of Boston in 1769.

**Niles’ History of the French and Indian War.

37

” ‘That the duty entrusted to him was very disagreeable to his make and temper, as he knew it must be grievous to them, etc. It was not for him, however, to animadvert, but to obey his orders ; ‘ and he Ijroceeded to inform them that their lands and tenements, cattle of all kinds, and livestock of all sorts were forfeited to the Crown, with all other effects saving their money and household goods, and that they were to be removed from the Province.

“The sufferings of these poor unfortunate people, in the circum- stances of their removal, and in their sei^arate and scattered condition cannot well be conceived. Col. Winslow in a letter to the Governor of Nova Scotia, dated Grand Pre, Aug. 30, 1755, says :

” As to poor Father LeBlanc, I shall, with your Excellency’s permission, send him to my own place.”

What prevented his coming to Green Harbor does not appear.

*”The family who filled the place intended for him, bore the name of Mitchell. To this family. Gen. Winslow and his descendants were ever uniformly kind. A person now living well recollects the last living members of this family and the pensive gentility of their deportment.

The order of the English Government was that they should be dispersed and sufficiently provided for, and supported at the charge of each Government where they were sent. They were scattered over the land, these French people, and their blood courses through the veins of many respectable families bearing the names both of Massachusetts and Connecticut r among others are included the names of Drew, Peters, Winslow and Thomas.”

Previous to the commencing of the campaign of 1756 against Crown Point, Gen. Abercrombie sent for Gen. Winslow, and to him was to have been entrusted an attack on Ticonderoga, which was suspended by orders of Lord Loudon, in consequence of the disasters at Oswego.

In 1756, he commanded at Fort William Henry, on Lake George; he was also a Counsellor for the Province.

Gen. Winslow was genial and hospitable, and remarkable for his skill in horsemanship. He imported a valuable horse from England, and it was among his greatest delights to be mounted on his favorite animal.

* M. A. Thomas Memorials of Marshfield.

38

Thatcher relates an anecdote, that, “on a cei’tain occasion, a numher of gentlemen of Plymouth formed a partj” with Gen. Winslow for a pleasure excursion to Saquish in Plymouth Harhor and to return to dine. While there Winslow fell asleep. The other gentlemen with- drew and pursued their journey to return. When he awoke and found himself deserted, he mounted and daringly plunged his steed in the channel, swam his horse across more than a half mile, from whence he rode into the town, making the whole distance but six miles while his companions were riding fourteen miles. On their arrival, they were astonished to find the General seated in the Tavern, prepared to greet them with a bowl of punch. ‘ ‘

Gen. Winslow, late in life, married a widow Johnson. He died in 1774, and was placed in the tomb at Marshfield, aged 71. He left two sons by his first wife, Mary Little.

Pelham, born in 1737.

Isaac, born in 1739.

The town of Winslow, in Maine, was named in honor of Gen. Winslow, incorporated in 1771.

As far as can be obtained, genealogical sketches are inserted of those families who have married into the line of succession of Edward Winslow.

Gen. John Winslow married Mary Little. Following is a sketch of her family, copied from M. A. Thomas Memorials of Marshfield :

“Thomas Little was born in Plymouth after 1630, where he married Ann, one of the daughters of Richard Warren. He was probably a lawj’er. He removed to Marshfield about 1650, and settled in the eastern part of the township, a locality since known as Littletown in the surrounding region. He had eleven children.

“Lieut. Isaac Little, son of Thomas Little and Ann Warren, pur- chased the Biddle Estate, now owned by Waterman Thomas (on Marsh- field Neck). He and his wife Bethia had five children. He died in

1712.

“Thomas, born in 1675, graduated at Harvard College in 1695, was a lawyer and physician at Ph-mouth.”

Capt. Isaac Little, born in 1677, removed to Pem])roke. His daughter Mary Little married Gen. John Winslow of Marshfield in

1725. Her brother Isaac owned the estate in Pembroke. After him his son Isaac and now his son, Otis Little. Mary Little’s l)rother’s

39

daughter, Judith’s grandson, AVilliam Rogers, married her great, great grandchild Helen M. Whitman.

Thus far, the lives in this line have been brought together and arranged, as events and history have made the record.

The valuable works of Moore’s American Governors, Young’s Chronicles of the Pilgrims, and M. A. Thomas Memorials of Marshfield, have been largely drawn upon, together with the volumes of the Mass. Hist. Society. These refer back again to Davis, Morton, Thatcher, Baylies and Savage, those valuable men whose indefatigable research has saved this Icnowledge from the wreck of time.

The period of 1758, and onward, was one of great agitation. Wise men, in view of the situation, felt disheartened. The result of the struggle, in the independence of the Colonies, and the establishment of the great republic, was to men’s minds then, and is even now, a miracle. But, the thoughtful, the philosophic, see in it the evidence and the consequences of the invariable and eternal laws of cause and effect. The Pilgrims planted in faith; their deeds, even when weak and insignificant, were ever with an inspiration to the infinite wisdom for guidance, and then, as now, as through all ages, the answer comes back to man’s higher and his lower nature, “Ask and ye shall receive,” for “Wliatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap;” and may we not feel that the wonderful preservation of this Nation is the answer to the Pilgrim’s prayer and trust?

Military: Commanded a company in the Cuba expedition of 1740; was Colonel in the expedition to Nova Scotia in 1755; was a comander-in-chief at Fort William Henry on Lake George in 1756 during the French and Indian War.3

Marriage:                 16 Feb 172547

Marr Place:              Marshfield, Plymouth County, Massachusetts

3 Children…

                              Josiah (5 Sep 1730-1 Mar 1731)

                              Pelham (8 Jun 1737-)

                              Isaac (27 Apr 1739-)

(6) 1.2.6.3a.1.1 Josiah Winslow, 1C5R

_____________________________________________________________

Birth:                      5 Sep 173052,52

Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts

Death:                     1 Mar 1731, age: <152,52

Death Place:             Plymouth Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts

Father:                     General John Winslow, 3C6R (27 Mar 1702-17 Apr 1774)

Mother:                   Mary Little, GGGG Grandaunt (9 Sep 1704-bef 5 Dec 1772)

(6) 1.2.6.3a.1.2 Pelham Winslow, 1C5R

_____________________________________________________________

Birth:                      8 Jun 173752,52

Birth Place:              Marshfield, Plymouth County, Massachusetts

Father:                     General John Winslow, 3C6R (27 Mar 1702-17 Apr 1774)

Mother:                   Mary Little, GGGG Grandaunt (9 Sep 1704-bef 5 Dec 1772)

Pelham Winslow, the eldest son of Gen. John Winslow and his wife Mary Little, was born at Marshfield, June 8th, 1737. He graduated at Harvard College and settled as a lawyer in PljTiiouth, and married Joanna, daughter of Gideon White, who was the grandson of Peregrin White. He died at forty-five years of age at Flushing, L. I., N. Y., 1784, leaving two daughters :

Mary, who married Henry Warren, Esq. ;

Joanna, who married Dr. Nathan Hayward of Plymouth.

Mrs. Pelham Winslow, daughter of Gideon White, Esq., after the death of her husband, lived in PljTnouth, surrounded by a large circle of relatives and friends, and in the enjojTuent of the sympathy and affection of her two daughters. She died and was buried in Plymouth May 1st, 1829, aged eiglitj’-four years.

Isaac Winslow

Isaac Winslow

(6) 1.2.6.3a.1.3 Isaac Winslow, 1C5R

_____________________________________________________________

Birth:                      27 Apr 173952,52

Birth Place:              Marshfield, Plymouth County, Massachusetts

Father:                     General John Winslow, 3C6R (27 Mar 1702-17 Apr 1774)

Mother:                   Mary Little, GGGG Grandaunt (9 Sep 1704-bef 5 Dec 1772)

DR. ISAAC WINSLOW

FIFTH GENERATION

DR. ISAAC WINSLOW

Fifth Generation

Isaac Winslow, second sou of Gen. John Winslow, and bis wife, Mary Little, was born in Marslitield, April 27, 1739. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Benj. Stockbridge of Scituate, and lived at the Winslow Homestead.

He was a skilful physician of large practice, which in those days involved much of personal discomfort and hardsliip. Like his father, he was skilful in horsemanship. His travel, often in thick darkness, through unbroken jjaths, sometimes obliged to resort to snowshoes, was lightened by his elastic and facetious temperament.

He enlivened his hospitable home, in his relation and perception of the comic side of life, in his varied and wide experience. That large estate, that home with its portraits, its many relics and associations, is yet clear and vivid in the memory of these of the seventh generation. His portrait, which is in the collection of Winslow portraits, in the Mass. Hist. Soc, was painted by Johnson. His wife Elizabeth died 1790, and was placed in the tomb. He married a second time Fannie, daughter of Rev. Edwin Gay of Hingham, called by a meudjer of tlie household “The Good Samaritan”. She never had children.

Dr. Isaac Winslow died Oct. 19, 1819. The scene was impressive, when the long procession of friends, in carriages from every part of the country, were seen winding their way up the hillside to witness his deposit in the tomb of his ancestors, and to testify their affection and respect. His widow died October, 1846, aged 83 years.

Dr. Isaac Winslow and his first wife, Elizabeth Stockbridge, had five children :

Isaac, died in infancy.

Elizabeth, the eldest, married Hon. Kilboru Wliitman. Ruth, married first Josiah Shaw, second Thomas Dingley. Sarah, married Judge Eben Clapp, of Butler, Me. John, married Susan Ball, of Northborough, Mass.

91

Elizabeth Stockbridge, who married Dr. Isaac Winslow, was the daughter of Dr. Benj. Stockbridge of Scituate and his wife Ruth Otis. She was born March 17, 1738. On her marriage she removed to Marsh- field, where her penetrating eye and great practical ability assisted her husband, whose profession absorbed his time, in bringing into order the disturbed affairs of the estate. Her household skill (whose rules are yet remembered) contributed to the comfort of the many of the hoi;se- liold who shared its hospitality. The peculiar significance of many of her words and expressions passed away with the last generation and its habits. In parting with these customs and interchanges of expres- sion, we lose one of the most refining influences of society.

92

DR. BENJAMIN STOCKBRIDGE

*”Dr. Benj. Stockbridge succeeded his father Benjamin, who married Mary Tilden in 1701, and who owned the original Stockbridge mansion and mills. It was a garrison in Philip’s War. He was in direct descent from John Stockbridge, who took the oath of fidelity in Seitnate, 1638, and was one of the Conihansett partners, 1646. He was educated under Dr. Bulfinch of Boston, and there is evidence that he was one of the great physicians of the day. His account books exhibit that he was a consulting physician in a circle embracing tlie full country from Falmouth to Worcester, and to Ipswich.”

He is described as a gentleman of wit and taste, eminently pleasing, and the delight of literary society. He had made attainments in the science of music rare at that time. He married Ruth Otis, daughter of Job Otis, and left two children, Charles and Elizabeth.

Dr. Charles Stockbridge, son of Dr. Benjamin, attained a high reputation. Like his father, he was pleasing in his manners, and accomplished in all literature and tasteful arts, with the rare qualifica- tion (asserted by one who experienced it) of the capacity for and the expression of warm, pure, disinterested friendshii:). He married

Eleanor and deceased leaving five children, all born in

the mansion at Scituate:

Dr. Charles, who died early in practice, a bachelor.

Eleanor, who died single.

Mary, who married Capt. Bowers.

Samuel, married Lydia, daugliter of William Bassett, and settled at Mt. Blue, and has descendants in that vicinity.

Ruth, who married Thompson, and whose daugliter

married Rev. Dr. Vinton of Boston.

The beautiful place is now owned by Elizabeth Winslow Williams, granddaughter of Elizabeth Stockbridge, who married Dr. Isaac Winslow. The present house was built by Mary, daugliter of Dr. Charles Stockbridge and wife of Capt. Bowers.

* Dean ‘s History of Scituate.

93

The record and sketch of the Otis familj’, with the Coat of Arms, is inserted. They came into the line of succession of tlie Winslows through Elizabeth, whose mother was Ruth Otis, daughter of Job Otis, who married Dr. Isaac Winslow, and also intermingled when Penelope, daughter of Hon. Isaac Winslow, married James Warren, whose mother was daughter of Hon. James Otis of Barnstable, and whose son Henr^’ married Mary Winslow, daughter of Pelham Winslow, and granddaughter of Gen. John Winslow.

Elizabeth Stockbridge

Elizabeth Stockbridge

Spouse:                   Elizabeth Stockbridge

(5) 1.2.6.3a.2 Isaac Little, GGGG Granduncle

_____________________________________________________________

Birth:                      3 Apr 171051,51

Birth Place:              Marshfield, Plymouth County, Massachusetts

Death:                     died young51,51

Father:                     Isaac Little, 5G Grandfather (21 Feb 1677/78-2 Feb 1758)

Mother:                   Mary Otis, 5G Grandmother (10 Dec 1685-bef 29 Nov 1732)

(5) 1.2.6.3a.3 Otis Little, GGGG Granduncle

_____________________________________________________________

Birth:                      3 Apr 171151,51

Birth Place:              Marshfield, Plymouth County, Massachusetts

Father:                     Isaac Little, 5G Grandfather (21 Feb 1677/78-2 Feb 1758)

Mother:                   Mary Otis, 5G Grandmother (10 Dec 1685-bef 29 Nov 1732)

Spouse:                   Elizabeth Howland (7 Jul 1709-)

Birth:                      7 Jul 170953,53

Birth Place:              Bristol, Massachusetts

Marriage:                 3 Oct 173353

Marr Place:              Bristol, Massachusetts

3 Children…

                              Charles (15 Jun 1734-)

                              William (1736-)

                              Mary (Jun 1738-)

(6) 1.2.6.3a.3.1 Charles Little, 1C5R

_____________________________________________________________

Birth:                      15 Jun 173453,53

Birth Place:              Pembroke Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts

Father:                     Otis Little, GGGG Granduncle (3 Apr 1711-)

Mother:                   Elizabeth Howland (7 Jul 1709-)

(6) 1.2.6.3a.3.2 William Little, 1C5R

_____________________________________________________________

Birth:                      173653,53

Birth Place:              Pembroke Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts

Father:                     Otis Little, GGGG Granduncle (3 Apr 1711-)

Mother:                   Elizabeth Howland (7 Jul 1709-)

(6) 1.2.6.3a.3.3 Mary Little, 1C5R

_____________________________________________________________

Birth:                      Jun 173853,53

Birth Place:              Pembroke Township, Plymouth County, Massachusetts

Father:                     Otis Little, GGGG Granduncle (3 Apr 1711-)

Mother:                   Elizabeth Howland (7 Jul 1709-)

(5) 1.2.6.3a.4 Mercy Little, GGGG Grandaunt

_____________________________________________________________

Birth:                      28 Apr 171651,51

Birth Place:              Marshfield, Plymouth County, Massachusetts

Death:                     13 Jul 1723, age: 751,51

Death Place:             Marshfield, Plymouth County, Massachusetts

Father:                     Isaac Little, 5G Grandfather (21 Feb 1677/78-2 Feb 1758)

Mother:                   Mary Otis, 5G Grandmother (10 Dec 1685-bef 29 Nov 1732)

(5) 1.2.6.3a.5a Captain Nathaniel Little*25,54,25,54,51,55,51,55, GGGG Grandfather

_____________________________________________________________

Birth:                      20 Aug 172251,55,56,51,55,56

Birth Place:              Marshfield Township, Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts

Death:                     aft 3 Apr 1795, age: 7252,52

Death Place:             Belpre, Ohio

Census:                   1790, age: 6718,18

Census Place:           Bridgewater Census

Memo:                    Showed 1-1-3

Father:                     Isaac Little, 5G Grandfather (21 Feb 1677/78-2 Feb 1758)

Mother:                   Mary Otis, 5G Grandmother (10 Dec 1685-bef 29 Nov 1732)

Occupation:              ferryman  soldier, yeoman & farmer27

On 29 Jan. 1754 Nathaniel Little of Triverton, ferryman, sold land in Dartmouth to Peleg Slocum; wife Lydia released her dower.

On 5 March 1785 Nathanial Little of Kingston, Gentleman, sold land in Pembroke to Thomas Hobart.  His father Issac Little bought this land from Capt. Thomas Barker; Keziah Little gave up her right to dower.

On 9 March 1785 Nathaniel Little of Kingston, Gentleman, sold all his rights to land in Kingston to Nathaniel Cooper.  Wife Keziah gave up her right to dower.

On 25 April 1785 Nathaniel Little of Kingston, Gentleman, sold all his rights to land in Marshfield to Barker Little of Dartmouth, Adams Bailey and Luther Bailey.  This land had been set off to his wife Lydia in the division of the estate of her father Isaac Barker of Pembroke.

Nathaniel Little as 1-1-3 in the 1790 census of Bridgewater.

On 3 April 1795 Nathaniel Little of Bridgewater,  yeoman, and Keziah his wife sold land in Plymouth to Rossiter Cotton.  This land had been laid out to their father John Wood, late of Plymouth.27

Military: Captain  American Revolution & Head Quartermaster

Misc. Notes: On 29 Jan. 1754 Nathaniel Little of Triverton, ferryman, sold land in Dartmouth to Peleg Slocum; wife Lydia released her dower.

On 5 March 1785 Nathanial Little of Kingston, Gentleman, sold land in Pembroke to Thomas Hobart.  His father Issac Little bought this land from Capt. Thomas Barker; Keziah Little gave up her right to dower.

On 9 March 1785 Nathaniel Little of Kingston, Gentleman, sold all his rights to land in Kingston to Nathaniel Cooper.  Wife Keziah gave up her right to dower.

On 25 April 1785 Nathaniel Little of Kingston, Gentleman, sold all his rights to land in Marshfield to Barker Little of Dartmouth, Adams Bailey and Luther Bailey.  This land had been set off to his wife Lydia in the division of the estate of her father Isaac Barker of Pembroke.

Nathaniel Little as 1-1-3 in the 1790 census of Bridgewater.

On 3 April 1795 Nathaniel Little of Bridgewater,  yeoman, and Keziah his wife sold land in Plymouth to Rossiter Cotton.  This land had been laid out to their father John Wood, late of Plymouth.

Spouse:                   Keziah Atwood, GGGG Grandmother (18 Apr 1721-Apr 1814)

Birth:                      18 Apr 172123,23

Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Massachusetts

Death:                     Apr 1814, age: 9257,57

Death Place:             Belpre, Ohio

Father:                     John Atwood, 5G Grandfather (1 May 1684-6 Aug 1754)

Mother:                   Sarah Leavitt, 5G Grandmother (8 Feb 1688/89-22 Jan 1725/26)

The Last Will and Testament of Keziah Little

(Published in the Mayflower Quarterly)

by  Barry A. Cotton

After the Northwest Territory was ceded to the United States at the Treaty of Fort McIntosh in 1785, the Ohio Company purchased one million acres of land along the Ohio River and a number of families from New England migrated to Ohio in 1788 and 1789.  One of the first families to settle Ohio was Nathaniel Little, his wife Keziah Atwood/Adams, his daughter Lucy and Lucy’s husband Lieutenant John Cotton, who served with Nathaniel Little in the War of Revolution.

The marriage of John Cotton and Lucy Little links two of the oldest and most distinguished families of Old Plymouth Colony.  Lucy Little is descended from Richard Warren, Mayflower passenger and signer of the Mayflower Compact.  And, Lieutenant John Cotton is descended from Rev. John Cotton, who fled England in 1633 to escape trial by Charles I for being puritan.

The Last Will and Testament of Keziah Little documents the intermarriage of these two families as Lucy Cotton is named Keziah Little’s daughter and the children of Lucy Cotton (Theophilus, Lucy, Joshua and John Cotton) are named Keziah Little’s grandchildren.  The following is a transcription of Keziah Little’s Last Will and Testament  that is located in the records of the Washington County Courthouse in Marietta, Ohio.

______________________________________________________________________________

In the Name of God, Amen, I Keziah Little of Belpre in the County of Washington and State of Ohio being in health of body and of a sound disposing mind and memory (for which I bless God) Do make and Ordain this as my last Will and Testament (to wit)  1st that my debts and Funeral charges be paid,  2ndly I give and bequeath to my three daughters Lydia Crain, Christian Tisdall and Lucy Cotton one dollar each  3. My Will is that the remainder of my estate or such Worldly good things as it hath pleased God to commit to my trust be divided equally to my grand children namely Theophilus Cotton, Lucy Cotton, Joshua Cotton, John Cotton, Welthy Little, Charles Little, Henry Little, Lewis Little, Nathaniel Little, George Little, Robert Bradford, Samuel Bradford, Otis Bradford, George Nashe, Betsy Seall, Morris Seall and Sally Dier.   And I do hereby Ordain constitute and appoint Col. Israel Putnam of Belpre aforesaid as executor to this my last Will and Testament, In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this third day of September in the year of our Lord one thousand and eight hundred and eleven, Done and executed in presents of these Witnesses who saw me sign as testator and each other as witnesses.

Ebenr Battelle Jr.       Keziah Little  {SEAL}

Luther Dana

Philip Greene

State of Ohio        In Court of Common Pleas

Washington County Js:       April Term:  Anno Domini 1814

This last Will and Testament of Keziah Little deceased was presented in Court and proved by the Oaths of Ebenezer Battelle junior and Philip Greene subscribing witnesses to the same and Ordered to be recorded, And the executor named in the said Will being dead.  On the motion of Aaron Waldo Putnam Ordered that letters of Administration with the said Will annexed be granted him on the estate of the said Keziah Little deceased he having taken the oath required by law and entered into Bond in the penalty of five hundred dollars with Robert Bradford & David Putnam his Securities Conditioned as the law directs.  The Court also appointed Nathaniel Cushing, Daniel Goodno and Daniel Loring to appraise the said deceased’s estate agreeably to law.

(Examined)        Attest-   Lewis Barber, Clerk

 The Last Will and Testament of Keziah Little brings to light a branch of Mayflower descendants previously undocumented in the membership of the General Society of Mayflower Descendants.  Included in this branch are at least five generations descending from the seventeen grandchildren named in Keziah Little’s Will.

Little:  (Welthy Little, Charles Little, Henry Little, Lewis Little, Nathaniel Little & George Little)

Cotton: (Theophilus Cotton, Lucy Cotton, Joshua Cotton & John Cotton)

Bradford: (Robert Bradford, Samuel Bradford & Otis Bradford)

Seall:  (Betsy Seall & Morris Seall)

Nashe:  (George Nashe)

Dier:  ( Sally Dier)

The ancestors of the Little, Cotton & Bradford lines shown above were all from Massachusetts and most had lived in Plymouth since the landing of the Mayflower in 1620.  Richard Warren, Mayflower passenger, was one of these and his daughter, Anna Warren, married Thomas Little in Plymouth on 19 April 1633 to establish the Little line in America.  The Cotton family of Old Plymouth Colony was established in 1668 when Rev. John Cotton Jr. became vicar of the Plymouth Church.  The Bradford Family descends from William Bradford, Mayflower passenger and Governor of Plymouth Colony.  Captain Robert Bradford married Lucy Little’s sister, Keziah Little.  As a result, the Bradford grandchildren shown above descend from two separate Mayflower lines.

The three witnesses to the signing of the Last Will and Testament of Keziah Little  also originated from New England and were among the first families to settle Ohio.  Colonel Ebenezer Battelle graduated from Harvard College in 1775 and fought as a Colonel in the Massachusetts Militia during the Revolutionary War.  After the war, Colonel Battelle joined the Ohio Company and migrated to Ohio with his son, Ebenezer Battellle Jr. in 1788.  Luther Dana was the son of William Dana who had been an artillery captain during the Revolutionary War and both father and son migrated to Ohio in 1788.  Philip Greene of Warwick, Rhode Island settled in Belpre, Ohio in 1796 with his parents and nine brothers & sisters.

Opening up the Ohio River Valley had been the dream of George Washington ever since he first surveyed the area in 1770.  After the Revolutionary War, Washington’s aide-de-camp, General Rufus Putnam, helped realize this dream by founding the Ohio Company on March 1, 1786 at the Bunch of Grapes Tavern in Boston, Massachusetts.  Another Putnam, Colonel Israel Putnam Jr., joined Rufus Putnam in settling Ohio.  Rufus Putnam and Israel Putnam Jr. were related, as their grandfathers were half brothers.  During Washington’s presidency, Congress made Rufus Putnam the first Surveyor General of the United States and he is known as the Father of Ohio. Major General Israel Putnam Sr. was a hero at the Battle of Bunker Hill and the father of Colonel Israel Putnam Jr. whom Keziah Little named executor of her Will.

Not only was Israel Putnam Jr. named executor of the Last Will and Testament of Keziah Little, he also is shown in the appraisement of Keziah’s estate as having signed a note with Keziah for $368.75 due on June 4, 1814.  Israel Putnam Jr. died just prior to the disposition of the Will of Keziah Little so the court named his son, Aaron Waldo Putnam, executor after a $500 bond was posted with Aaron’s brother David Putnam and Keziah’s grandson, Robert Bradford, who also owed Keziah $33.84 in a note due on June 4, 1814.

The following is a transcription of the record of Keziah Little’s estate appraisement from the records of the Washington County Courthouse in Marietta, Ohio.

Keziah Little’s Appraisement

An Inventory of the personal property of Keziah Little late of Belpre in the County of Washington deceased shown to us by A. W. Putnam, Administrator on said date (Viz):

One note hand signed by Israel Putnam balance due on said Note

4th June 1814 Three Hundred Sixty-Eight dollars and seventy five cents

appraised at          $368.75

One note signed by Luther Dana bearing date Sept. 3, 1811 for

Sixty-Three dollars.  Interest to 4th June 1814:  $10.55 appraised at     $73.55

One Note hand signed by Robert Bradford balance due on 4th June 1814

Thirty-Three dollars eighty four cents appraised at       $33.84

Appraisal of property of the deceased taken at Austin, County of

Trumbull exhibited to the Administrator amount Thirty-Five dollars

seventy-three cents            $35.73

Belpre, June 4th 1814 $511.87

Personally appeared before me one of the Justices of the Peace for said County, Daniel Goodno and Daniel Loving who swore the above Inventory was taken according to the best of their knowledge.

     Belpre, Oct. 10th 1815

              Cyrus Ames

State of Ohio               In Court of Common Pleas

Washington County Js}            November Term Anno Domini 1815

This Inventory and Appraisement of the Estate of Keziah Little

deceased being returned is ordered to be recorded examined.  Attest:  Lewis Barber Clk

_____________________________________________________________________________________

SELECTED SOURCES:

Hildreth, S. P. (1854). Memoirs of the Early Pioneer Settlers of Ohio. Baltimore, MD 1995 Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Company.

Little, K. (1811) Transcribed Record of Last Will & Testament of  Keziah Little, 3 Sept. 1811 Marietta, Ohio, Washington County Court House. Public Records Volume I.

Little, K. (1814). Transcribed Record of Keziah Little’s Appraisement, 4 June. 1814.

Marietta, Ohio, Washington County Court House. Public Records Volume I.

Wakefield (1999). Mayflower Families Through Five Generations: Family of Richard Warren. Volume 18, Parts 1 & 2, Plymouth, MA, General Society of Mayflower Descendants.

Walker, C. M. (1869). History of Athens County Ohio. Bowie, MD, 1996 Reprinted by Heritage Books.

________________________________________________________________________

Kezia Atwood (aka Wood) married Francis Adams in Plymouth on April 4 1737 when she was 16 years old.  Francis Adams was a sea captain and died in Jamacia in 1752 when Keziah was 25 years old.  She had the following children with Francis Adams:  Francis (1)18, Samuel (1), Samuel (2), Lydia, Keziah and Francis (2).

______________________________________________________________________________

Marriage:                 17 Apr 175527,58

Marr Place:              Plymouth Township, Massachusetts

Memo:                    registered intention of marriage 22 Feb 1754

5 Children…

                              Lucy (22 Sep 1757-9 Oct 1837)

                              Keziah (abt 1759-)

                              Nathaniel (abt 1759-)

                              Christina (9 Dec 1762-)

                              Mercy (abt 1764-)

Other spouses:          Lydia Barker

(6) 1.2.6.3a.5a.1 Lucy Little27,59,60,27,59,60,61, GGG Grandmother

_____________________________________________________________

Birth:                      22 Sep 175727,62,27,62

Birth Place:              Marshfield,  Massachusetts

Memo:                    born at “Seven of ye Clock”

Death:                     9 Oct 1837, age: 8063,63

Death Place:             Austin Township, Trumbull County, Ohio

Burial:                     Oct 183763,63

Burial Place:             Cotton Private Cemetery, Austintown, Mahoning County, Ohio

Memo:                    The Cemetery is located in Austintown, Ohio behind 5163 Mahoning Avenue.

Father:                     Captain Nathaniel Little, GGGG Grandfather (20 Aug 1722-aft 3 Apr 1795)

Mother:                   Keziah Atwood, GGGG Grandmother (18 Apr 1721-Apr 1814)

Research: RESEARCH NOTE:  The following is taken from Probate Record, Trumbull, Ohio25 and helps to establish proof in support of Mayflower Families through Five Generations: Family of Richard Warren by Robert S. Wakefield, F.A.S.G. that Captain Nathaniel Little married into the Cotton Family, left Massachussets for Ohio and formed a branch of the Cotton Family that then moved to the Fort Wayne, Indiana area.

“It is my wish to administer the estate of my brother, Theiza Little, provided I could do it without attending Court (being unable to get to Warren), therefore I wish to have my son, Theophilus Cotton appointed to that office”  Lucy Cotton, March 1814

Note to record:

Kezia Little (Sister of Lucy Cotton) and daughter of Capt. Nathaniel Little and Keziah (Atwood) Adams of Marshfield, Massachussets & Belpre, Ohio; born Plymouth, Massachussets ca 1756, died at Belpre, Ohio 1810 and married Capt. Robert Bradford at Kingston, Massachussets 2-19-1782.25

Spouse:                   Lieutenant John Cotton, GGG Grandfather (10 Jan 1746-1 Feb 1831)

Birth:                      10 Jan 174664,65,64,65

Birth Place:              Plymouth Township, Massachusetts

Death:                     1 Feb 1831, age: 8563,63

Death Place:             Austin Township, Trumbull County, Ohio

Burial:                     Feb 183163,63

Burial Place:             Cotton Private Cemetery, Austintown, Mahoning County, Ohio

Memo:                    John Cottons inscriptin reads, “A Revolutionary War Patriot who departedthis life Feb 1, AD 1831.  The Cemetery is located in Austintown, Ohio behind 5163 Mahoning Avenue.

Father:                     Colonel Theophilus Cotton, GGGG Grandfather (31 Mar 1716-18 Feb 1782)

Mother:                   Martha Sanders, GGGG Grandmother (abt 1717-10 Apr 1796)

1808 moved to the Mahoning Valley to Marietta, Ohio near present day Youngstown59

______________________________________________________

Reported by Mrs. R.S. Winnagel, Warren, Ohio

DAR Roster 1, p 89 – Roster 2, p 393

COTTON, JOHN – Mahoning County60

B at Plymouth, Mass, son of Theophilus Cotton (also a Revolutionary Soldr) and his wife Martha Saunders. John d at Autintown, (then in Trumbull Co now in Mahoning Co. OH) 2-21-1831.  A Pens.  His appl recorded on  Trumbull Co records states , Juy 1, 1921 a res of Austintown ae 75 yrs 6 mo.  Served as quartermaster in Col Theophilus Cotton’s regt over 8 mos. in 1776, then as ensign in Elijah Brooks’s Company, and John Baily’s Regt. to the close of the year.  He was then appointed Lt in Capt Whipple’s Company, in Rufus Putnam’s Regt, and served in that capacity until some time in the year 1778(?).  He was then appointed quartermaster to John Hixon and continued in said service until Oct 1780.  He then retired and had an honorable disch.  Occupation frming.  Family consisting of self and wife.  he m, (Intentions recorded at Kingston, Mas), 6-29-1780, to Lucy Little, b 9-22-1757 at Marshfield, Mass, dau of Nathaniel Little, Sr. (a Revolutionary Soldr) of Marshfield, Mass and Belpre, Washington Co. OH, and his 2nd wife, Mrs. Keziah (Atwood) Adams both of whom died at Belpre, OH.  Keziah names Lucy Cotton in her will recorded in Washington Co., OH.  Lucy d at Austintown, OH 10-9-1837.  Trumbull, Co records show that three sons and ond dau survied their father.  Children:  Theophilus m 9-4-1808 Hannah Rush of Youngstown, OH; Joshua Thomas b 1-3-1785 m 12-18-1810 Betsey Williamson; John m 2-26-1815 m 2-26-1815 Cynthia Parkhurst; Lucy.  58th N S D A R Report

Military:

Service Record of Lieutenant John Cotton Quartermaster, American Revolution66

April 1775 appointed Quarter Master under Col. Theophilus Cotton for about 8 months.

January 1776 reassigned to  Enign Elija Crother’s Company under Col. John Barbey

December 1776 reassigned to Col. Baily’s Regiment

January 1777 appointed to Lieutenant in Col. Rufus Putnam’s Regiment

May 1780 commission transferred and reassigned as Quartermaster to Gen. John Nixen

____________________________________________________________________________

What follows is a transcript of Lt. John Cotton’s application for a Revoluationary War Pension:66

Continental                   John Cotton               S42649

Mass

Page 2a

Attention: G. Fru(not legible)                        July 22, 18–

Hon. Peter Rowd

Jan’y 12, 1855

Died Feb. 1, 1831 (AB)

In right hand margin:  Notification sent to George parsons, Esq., Warren, Ohio, 12 Sept. 1820

Page 2b

11,616 R

OHPO

John Cotton

Col. Putnam in the State of (not legible) who was a Lieutenant in the regiment commanded by Colonel Putnam of the Mass. Co. for the term of 2 years.

Inscribed on the roll of Ohio at the rate of 20 Dollars per month, to commence on the 5th of January 1812.

Certificate of Pension issued the 10th of June 1811 and sent to George Todd, Warren, Trumbull Co., OH

Appears to 4th of Mar 1814 semi-anl.  All’ce ending 4 Sept 19

          40

2 Ms 120

       $160

{Revolutionary claim}

(Act 18th March, 1818}

Coninu.

John Cotton, residing in Youngs town in the County of Trumbull in the State of Ohio, on his solemn oath discloses and says in his affidavit testimony that a few days after the battle of Lexington, he was appointed Quarter Master of the Third Minute Regiment commanded by Theophilus Cotton and marched to Roxbury, that immediately at the onset and of that he was appointed Ensign in Colonel John Barbey’s Regiment, that he served out and was appointed Lieutenant in Colonel Rufus Putnam’s regiment, then in service of the United States.  His commission of Lieutenant then was transferred to the 10th day of may 1780 giving him rank as such from the 1st day of January 1777, that he was at the taking of Burgoyne in 1778 that giving him action in service he was quarter master to General John Nixen’s Brigade in which office he served until the 3rd day of October 1780 being of both assignments and was that day discharged by order of the Commissioner General, as it will appear on the back of his commission, that he is in indigent circumstances and finds the application helps his cause for support and that unless to nullify all claims to any Insurance if any which have been allowed by the Senate (illegible) of the United States, he then petitions for any relief under the Acts of Congress, ratified the 18th day of March 1818 in that “An act to  (provide payment) for certain persons enjoined by the country for personal service to the United States in the revolutionary war”.  (much of the last sentence is barely legible)

signed John Cotton